Roberta Bulla

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During early pregnancy, uterine mucosa decidualization is accompanied by a drastic enrichment of CD56(high)CD16(-) natural killer (NK) cells. Decidual NK (dNK) cells differ from peripheral blood NK (pbNK) cells in several ways, but their origin is still unclear. Our results demonstrate that chemokines present in the uterus can support pbNK cell migration(More)
We monitored the number of intravascular platelet-leukocyte aggregates (PLAs) and thrombotic occlusions (TOs) by intravascular microscopy in the mesentery of rats receiving antiphospholipid (aPL) immunoglobulin G (IgG) purified from the sera of patients with antiphospholipid syndrome. aPL IgG had no procoagulant effect, but it caused rapid endothelial(More)
Three Nod-like receptors (NLR family, pyrin domain containing 1/NLRP1, NLR family, pyrin domain containing 3/NLRP3, NLR family, CARD domain containing 4/NLRC4) and the adaptor molecule PYD and CARD domain containing protein/PYCARD are involved in the assembling of multiprotein complexes known as inflammasomes, leading to caspase 1 activation and consequent(More)
Fetal loss in animals and humans is frequently associated with inflammatory conditions. D6 is a promiscuous chemokine receptor with decoy function, expressed in lymphatic endothelium, that recognizes and targets to degradation most inflammatory CC chemokines. Here, we report that D6 is expressed in placenta on invading extravillous trophoblasts and on the(More)
A fully active complement system deriving from the maternal circulation as well as from local production by various cell source is present in the placenta. The role of this system at the placental level, as in any other tissue in the body, is to protect both the fetus and the mother against infectious and other toxic agents. As fetal tissues are(More)
Expression of the complement-regulatory proteins (CRP) CD46, CD55 and CD59 represents a strategy used by tumor cells to evade complement-dependent cell cytoxicity stimulated by monoclonal antibodies. We have isolated two single-chain variable fragments (scFv) to CD55 and CD59 from a human phage-display library and from these scFv we have produced two(More)
CONTEXT Although decidual natural killer (NK) cell accumulation and vascular remodeling are critical steps to ensure successful pregnancy, the molecular mechanisms controlling these events are poorly defined. OBJECTIVE Herein we analyzed whether chemerin, a recently identified chemoattractant involved in many pathophysiological processes, could be(More)
In vitro studies have documented β2 glycoprotein I (β2GPI) binding to endothelial cells (ECs) and trophoblast using antiphospholipid antibodies. The in vivo binding of β2GPI to these cells and the conditions that favor their interaction have not been investigated. We analyzed the in vivo distribution of cyanine 5.5-labeled β2GPI in mice and evaluated the(More)
Complement activation plays a relevant role in the development of tissue damage under inflammatory conditions, and clinical and experimental observations emphasize its contribution to inflammatory vasculitides. Statins have recently been shown to reduce cardiovascular morbidity independently of plasma cholesterol lowering and in vitro studies support a(More)
Fetal trophoblast cells invading the decidua in the early phase of pregnancy establish complex interaction with the maternal extracellular matrix. We discovered that C1q was widely distributed in human decidual stroma in the absence of C4 and C3 and was actively synthesized by migrating extravillous trophoblasts. The cells expressed the messages for the(More)