Roberta Beatriz Sciurano

Learn More
The basic molecular mechanisms by which chromosomal rearrangements in heterozygous state produce spermatogenic disturbances are poorly understood. Testicular biopsies from five patients - one carrier of a Robertsonian translocation rob t(13;14), two carriers of two different Y-autosome translocations, a t(Y;6) and a t(Y;11), one carrier of a reciprocal(More)
BACKGROUND The close apposition of multivalents with the XY body has been repeatedly described in heterozygous carriers of chromosomal rearrangements. Because in many of these carriers spermatogenesis is deeply disturbed at the spermatocyte level, the association of autosomal chromatin with the XY body may impair the spermatocyte life. METHODS Testicular(More)
BACKGROUND Klinefelter syndrome is the most frequent chromosome abnormality in human males. This paper aims to investigate the ploidy of meiotic and pre-meiotic germ cells found in spermatogenic foci, and furthermore, the sex chromosome constitution of Sertoli cells which surround these germ cells in non-mosaic Klinefelter patients. METHODS AND RESULTS A(More)
The meiotic sex chromosomes of the American marsupials Monodelphis dimidiata and Didelphis albiventris were studied with electron microscopy (EM) and with immunofluorescence localization of meiotic proteins SYCP1 and SYCP3, and proteins essential for meiotic sex chromosome inactivation (MSCI), γ-H2AX and BRCA1. The chromatin of the non-synaptic X and Y(More)
Three xenarthrans species Chaetophractus villosus, Chaetophractus vellerosus, and Zaedyus pichiy have been used for the analysis of the structure, behavior, and immunochemical features of the XY body during pachytene. In all these species, the sex chromosomes form an XY body easily identifiable in thin sections by the special and regular packing of the(More)
A testicular biopsy from an infertile man carrying a heterozygous chromosome translocation t(11;14) was studied with synaptonemal complex analysis and immunolocalization of the protein MLH1 for crossover detection. A full blockage of spermatogenesis at the spermatocyte stage was related to the presence of the translocation quadrivalents at pachytene. Only(More)
Structural and immunohistochemical methods have been extremely useful for the characterization of the XY body (the structure formed by the XY pair during meiotic prophase) in Man and in other mammals. These methods are widely used at the present time for the detection of abnormalities leading to human infertility. The basic ultrastructural methods are(More)
The XX/XY system is the rule among mammals. However, many exceptions from this general pattern have been discovered since the last decades. One of these non-conventional sex chromosome mechanisms is the multiple sex chromosome system, which is evolutionary fixed among many bat species of the family Phyllostomidae, and has arisen by a translocation between(More)
The XY body from spermatocytes of the rodent Galea musteloides shows progressive changes of the synaptonemal complex (SC) axes and the X-chromatin during pachynema. There is a gross thickening of the X-axis and the formation of a large X chromosome loop at mid and late pachytene stages. The SC proteins synaptonemal complex protein 3 (SYCP3), synaptonemal(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms of meiotic arrest in human spermatogenesis are poorly known. METHODS AND RESULTS A testicular biopsy from an azoospermic male showed complete spermatogenesis arrest at the spermatocyte stage, asynapsis, lack of formation of the XY body, partial reversion to a mitotic-like division and cell degeneration both at the prophase and at(More)