Robert Zweigerdt

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Human embryonic stem cells (hESC) can differentiate to cardiomyocytes in vitro but with generally poor efficiency. Here, we describe a novel method for the efficient generation of cardiomyocytes from hESC in a scalable suspension culture process. Differentiation in serum-free medium conditioned by the cell line END2 (END2-CM) readily resulted in(More)
Human embryonic stem cells (hESC), with their ability to differentiate into cardiomyocytes in culture, hold great potential for cell replacement therapies and provide an in vitro model of human heart development. A genomewide characterization of the molecular phenotype of hESC-derived cardiomyocytes is important for their envisioned applications. We have(More)
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) may represent an ideal cell source for future regenerative therapies. A critical issue concerning the clinical use of patient-specific iPSCs is the accumulation of mutations in somatic (stem) cells over an organism's lifetime. Acquired somatic mutations are passed onto iPSCs during reprogramming and may be associated(More)
Cardiomyocyte transplantation could offer a new approach to replace scarred, nonfunctional myocardium in a diseased heart. Clinical application of this approach would require the ability to generate large numbers of donor cells. The purpose of this study was to develop a scalable, robust, and reproducible process to derive purified cardiomyocytes from(More)
Myf-5, a member of the family of four muscle-specific basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors is the first to be expressed in somites, branchial arches, and limb buds during prenatal mouse development. However, little is known about control mechanisms which actually regulate Myf-5 gene activity within these various muscle-forming domains. To(More)
AIMS We explored the use of highly purified murine and human pluripotent stem cell (PSC)-derived cardiomyocytes (CMs) to generate functional bioartificial cardiac tissue (BCT) and investigated the role of fibroblasts, ascorbic acid (AA), and mechanical stimuli on tissue formation, maturation, and functionality. METHODS AND RESULTS Murine and human(More)
We have systematically developed single cell-inoculated suspension cultures of human embryonic stem cells (hESC) in defined media. Cell survival was dependent on hESC re-aggregation. In the presence of the Rho kinase inhibitor Y-27632 (Ri) only approximately 44% of the seeded cells were rescued, but an optimized heat shock treatment combined with Ri(More)
Many applications of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) will require fully defined growth and differentiation conditions including media devoid of fetal calf serum. To identify factors that control lineage differentiation we have analyzed a serum-free (SF) medium conditioned by the cell line END2, which efficiently induces hESCs to form cardiomyocytes.(More)
It is well established that embryonic stem (ES) cells can differentiate into functional cardiomyocytes in vitro. ES-derived cardiomyocytes could be used for pharmaceutical and therapeutic applications, provided that they can be generated in sufficient quantity and with sufficient purity. To enable large-scale culture of ES-derived cells, we have developed a(More)
The homeodomain transcription factor Nkx2-3 is expressed in gut mesenchyme and spleen of embryonic and adult mice. Targeted inactivation of the Nkx2-3 gene results in severe morphological alterations of both organs and early postnatal lethality in the majority of homozygous mutants. Villus formation in the small intestine appears considerably delayed in(More)