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Mobilization of fatty acids from triglyceride stores in adipose tissue requires lipolytic enzymes. Dysfunctional lipolysis affects energy homeostasis and may contribute to the pathogenesis of obesity and insulin resistance. Until now, hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) was the only enzyme known to hydrolyze triglycerides in mammalian adipose tissue. Here, we(More)
Adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) was recently identified as an important triacylglycerol (TG) hydrolase promoting the catabolism of stored fat in adipose and nonadipose tissues. We now demonstrate that efficient ATGL enzyme activity requires activation by CGI-58. Mutations in the human CGI-58 gene are associated with Chanarin-Dorfman Syndrome (CDS), a(More)
Fat tissue is the most important energy depot in vertebrates. The release of free fatty acids (FFAs) from stored fat requires the enzymatic activity of lipases. We showed that genetic inactivation of adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) in mice increases adipose mass and leads to triacylglycerol deposition in multiple tissues. ATGL-deficient mice accumulated(More)
BACKGROUND We tested the hypothesis that hibernating myocardium represents an incomplete adaptation to a reduced myocardial oxygen supply. METHODS AND RESULTS In 38 patients, areas of hibernating myocardium were identified by angiography, multigated radionuclide ventriculography, thallium scintigraphy with reinjection, and low-dose dobutamine(More)
Storage and degradation of triglycerides are essential processes to ensure energy homeostasis and availability of precursors for membrane lipid synthesis. Recent evidence suggests that an emerging class of enzymes containing a conserved patatin domain are centrally important players in lipid degradation. Here we describe the identification and(More)
Simple procedures for the anaerobic preparation of photoactive and stable P840 reaction centers from Chlorobium tepidum and Chlorobium limicola in good yield are presented and quantitated. The subunit composition was tested by cosedimentation in sucrose density gradients. For C. limicola, it minimally comprises four subunits: the P840 reaction center(More)
Lipolysis is defined as the catabolism of triacylglycerols stored in cellular lipid droplets. Recent discoveries of essential lipolytic enzymes and characterization of numerous regulatory proteins and mechanisms have fundamentally changed our perception of lipolysis and its impact on cellular metabolism. New findings that lipolytic products and(More)
PURPOSE This trial evaluated the toxicity and efficacy of high-dose carboplatin, etoposide, and ifosfamide followed by autologous stem-cell transplantation in patients with refractory or relapsed germ cell cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between August 1989 and September 1992, 74 patients with refractory or recurrent germ-cell tumors received one cycle of(More)
Experimental studies have shown that in hypertrophy and heart failure, accumulation of microtubules occurs that impedes sarcomere motion and contributes to decreased ventricular compliance. We tested the hypothesis that these changes are present in the failing human heart and that an entire complex of structural components, including cytoskeletal, linkage,(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear hormone receptors that regulate genes involved in energy metabolism and inflammation. For biological activity, PPARs require cognate lipid ligands, heterodimerization with retinoic X receptors, and coactivation by PPAR-γ coactivator-1α or PPAR-γ coactivator-1β (PGC-1α or PGC-1β, encoded by(More)