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Myelin basic protein (MBP) represents a candidate autoantigen in multiple sclerosis (MS). We isolated MBP from normal and MS human white matter and purified six components (charge isomers) to compare the post-translational modifications on each. The sites and extent of methylation, deimination, and phosphorylation were documented for all tryptic peptides by(More)
Bovine myelin basic protein has been investigated with regard to its solution behavior, circular dichroism and 220 MHz PMR spectral properties. At pH 4.8 gamma/2=0.1 acetate buffer, light scattering yielded a Mr of 17 700 and a virial coefficient of 1.0-10(-4) mol-ml/g2. Above pH 7.0 the protein was found to aggregate to higher mol. wt species.(More)
BACKGROUND Calcification of the cusps of bioprosthetic heart valves fabricated from either glutaraldehyde cross-linked porcine aortic valves or bovine pericardium frequently causes the clinical failure of these devices. Our investigations studied ethanol pretreatment of glutaraldehyde cross-linked porcine aortic valves as a new approach to prevent cuspal(More)
The objective of this investigation was to determine whether nonmammalian myelin basic protein contained charge isomers resulting from extensive posttranslational modifications as seen in mammalian MBP. Four charge isomer components from dogfish MBP have been isolated. These forms arise by phosphorylation and deamidation modifications. Components C1, C2 and(More)
Myelin basic protein (MBP) is an important component of the myelin sheath surrounding neurons, and it is directly affected in demyelinating diseases. MBP contains a relatively large number of post-translational modifications (PTMs), which have been reported to play a role in multiple sclerosis, while MBPs from lower vertebrates have been reported to be(More)
The role of the amino acid proline in influencing the secondary and tertiary structure of proteins and polypeptides has been an area of active study for many years. We have investigated this problem by incorporating the four-membered ring amino acid, azetidine-2-carboxylic acid, into some proline polypeptides. An adjunct to the synthesis of the peptides was(More)
The Gunn rat is a hooded mutant of albino rat with various biochemical defects, including a low UDP-glucuronosyl-transferase activity. As a consequence, about half of their offspring are jaundiced from birth, due to high free bilirubin levels, and develop widespread brain damage. The behaviour of both jaundiced and nonjaundiced Gunn rats was studied in four(More)
The binding of unconjugated bilirubin to bovine CNS myelin basic protein and to lysine and arginine rich histones has been demonstrated by means of difference spectroscopy and circular dichroism spectroscopy. This is the first demonstration of a brain specific protein that can bind bilirubin and provides a mechanism for bilirubin retention in brain as well(More)