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Myelin basic protein (MBP) represents a candidate autoantigen in multiple sclerosis (MS). We isolated MBP from normal and MS human white matter and purified six components (charge isomers) to compare the post-translational modifications on each. The sites and extent of methylation, deimination, and phosphorylation were documented for all tryptic peptides by(More)
The posttranslational modifications in each of the 18.5 kDa bovine myelin basic protein charge isomers C-1 to C-6 have been determined by the use of capillary electrophoresis-mass spectroscopy. The pattern of modifications is viewed as being unique to each charge isomer and is thought to reflect a specific placement and function for each isomer in the(More)
BACKGROUND Calcification of the cusps of bioprosthetic heart valves fabricated from either glutaraldehyde cross-linked porcine aortic valves or bovine pericardium frequently causes the clinical failure of these devices. Our investigations studied ethanol pretreatment of glutaraldehyde cross-linked porcine aortic valves as a new approach to prevent cuspal(More)
Bovine myelin basic protein has been investigated with regard to its solution behavior, circular dichroism and 220 MHz PMR spectral properties. At pH 4.8 gamma/2=0.1 acetate buffer, light scattering yielded a Mr of 17 700 and a virial coefficient of 1.0-10(-4) mol-ml/g2. Above pH 7.0 the protein was found to aggregate to higher mol. wt species.(More)
Myelin basic protein (MBP) is an important component of the myelin sheath surrounding neurons, and it is directly affected in demyelinating diseases. MBP contains a relatively large number of post-translational modifications (PTMs), which have been reported to play a role in multiple sclerosis, while MBPs from lower vertebrates have been reported to be(More)
The objective of this investigation was to determine whether nonmammalian myelin basic protein contained charge isomers resulting from extensive posttranslational modifications as seen in mammalian MBP. Four charge isomer components from dogfish MBP have been isolated. These forms arise by phosphorylation and deamidation modifications. Components C1, C2 and(More)
Bioprosthetic heart valve (BPHV) degeneration, characterized by extracellular matrix deterioration, remodeling, and calcification, is an important clinical problem accounting for thousands of surgeries annually. Here we report for the first time, in a series of in vitro accelerated fatigue studies (5-500 million cycles) with glutaraldehyde fixed porcine(More)
Clinical usage of bioprosthetic heart valves (BPHVs) fabricated from glutaraldehyde-pretreated porcine aortic valves is restricted due to calcification-related failure. We previously reported a highly efficacious ethanol pretreatment of BPHVs for the prevention of cuspal calcification. The aim of the present study is to extend our understanding of the(More)