Robert Yezierski

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Inflammatory responses are a major component of secondary injury and play a central role in mediating the pathogenesis of acute and chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). The nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) family of transcription factors is required for the transcriptional activation of a variety of genes regulating inflammatory, proliferative, and cell death(More)
Antagonists of glutamate receptors of the N-methyl-d-aspartate subclass (NMDAR) or inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) prevent nervous system plasticity. Inflammatory and neuropathic pain rely on plasticity, presenting a clinical opportunity for the use of NMDAR antagonists and NOS inhibitors in chronic pain. Agmatine (AG), an endogenous(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the perceived difficulty in dealing with consequences of spinal cord injury (SCI) and to explore patterns of how these complications are perceived. DESIGN Postal survey. SETTING General community. PARTICIPANTS Individuals with traumatic SCI (n = 430). METHODS Subjects (n = 877) were selected from The Miami Project database(More)
Intraspinal injections of the AMPA-metabotropic receptor agonist quisqualic acid (QUIS) were made in an effort to simulate injury induced elevations of excitatory amino acids (EAAs), a well documented neurochemical change following spinal cord injury (SCI). The progressive pathological sequela associated with QUIS injections closely resembles the cascade of(More)
Intraspinal injection of quisqualic acid (QUIS) produces excitotoxic injury with pathophysiological characteristics similar to those associated with ischemic and traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). Responses to QUIS-induced injury include an inflammatory component, as well as the development of spontaneous and evoked pain behaviors. We hypothesized that(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in a number of consequences; one of the most difficult to manage is chronic neuropathic pain. Thus, defining the potential neural and biochemical changes associated with chronic pain after SCI is important because this may lead to development of new treatment strategies. Prior studies have looked at(More)
Dynorphin A is an endogenous opioid peptide, which has previously been shown to produce a long-lasting allodynia and hyperalgesia in mice, behavioral states consistent with signs of clinically observed neuropathic pain. This dynorphin-induced allodynia was used as a pharmacological, central model of neuropathic pain. In this study, we examined the(More)
Cytokines and neurotrophic factors have been implicated in the pathophysiology of injury to the central nervous system. While some cytokines are considered pro-inflammatory, other factors promote neuronal growth and survival. The present study investigated the neuroprotective effects of interleukins 1 (IL-1), 4 (IL-4), and 6 (IL-6), nerve growth factor(More)
OBJECTIVE To define relationships among various clinical characteristics of pain occurring after spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN Postal survey. SETTING General community. PARTICIPANTS Of 330 subjects with SCI reporting chronic pain in a previous survey, 217 volunteered. INTERVENTIONS Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Detailed pain history. (More)