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OBJECTIVE To determine whether motivational interviewing--a behavioural therapy for addictions-provided at home by specially trained midwives helps pregnant smokers to quit. DESIGN Randomised controlled non-blinded trial analysed by intention to treat. SETTING Clinics attached to two maternity hospitals in Glasgow. PARTICIPANTS 762/1684 pregnant women(More)
In Alzheimer's disease (AD), affected neurons accumulate beta amyloid protein, components of which can induce mouse microglia to express the high-output isoform of nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) in vitro. Products of NOS2 can be neurotoxic. In mice, NOS2 is normally suppressed by transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1). Expression of TGF-beta 1 is(More)
An antiserum specific for atriopeptin was used to characterize and localize atriopeptin-like immunoreactive material in rat atrium by radioimmunoassay and immunohistochemical techniques. The antiserum recognizes atriopeptin I, atriopeptin III, and alpha-human atrial natriuretic polypeptide, but does not recognize met-enkephalin, cholecystokinin, dynorphin(More)
Mammalian atria contain peptides that have depressor and natriuretic activities. Four peptides, atriopeptin I to III (AP I to III) and alpha-human atrial natriuretic factor (alpha-hANP), were synthesized and assayed in the urethane-anesthetized rat for cardiovascular changes and natriuretic activities. All four peptides produced depressor responses and(More)
SUMMARY Digital superconductor electronics has been experiencing rapid maturation with the emergence of smaller-scale, lower-cost communications applications which became the major technology drivers. These applications are primarily in the area of wireless communications, radar, and surveillance as well as in imaging and sensor systems. In these areas ,(More)
We have demonstrated a digital receiver performing direct digitization of radio-frequency signals over a wide frequency range from kilohertz to gigahertz. The complete system, consisting of a cryopackaged superconductor all-digital receiver (ADR) chip followed by room-temperature interface electronics and a field programmable gate array (FPGA) based(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the impact of a spoken language intervention curriculum aiming to improve the language environments caregivers of low socioeconomic status (SES) provide for their D/HH children with CI & HA to support children's spoken language development. STUDY DESIGN Quasiexperimental. SETTING Tertiary. PATIENTS Thirty-two caregiver-child(More)
Dopamine D2 receptors both acutely and chronically inhibit high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels (HVA-CCs). Two alternatively spliced isoforms, D2L (long) and D2S (short), are expressed at high levels in rat pituitary intermediate lobe melanotropes but are lacking in anterior lobe corticotropes. We stably transfected D2L and D2S into corticotrope-derived(More)
Using a highly specific and sensitive radioimmunoassay for dynorphin(1-8) (D 1-8), and a singly blind test design, we measured D(1-8) immunoreactivity (ir D 1-8) in CSF of 35 first break cases of acute schizophrenic patients. All patients were free of psychotropic medication for at least one week before the study. Another 31 neurological patients suffered(More)
BACKGROUND Planning for future care after the death of parental caregivers and adapting disability support systems to achieve the best possible quality of life for people with intellectual disability as they age have been important issues for more than two decades. This study examined perceptions held by family members, group home staff and organisational(More)