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This report is the continuation of two earlier reports that defined human arterial intima and precursors of advanced atherosclerotic lesions in humans. This report describes the characteristic components and pathogenic mechanisms of the various advanced atherosclerotic lesions. These, with the earlier definitions of precursor lesions, led to the(More)
The compositions of lesion types that precede and that may initiate the development of advanced atherosclerotic lesions are described and the possible mechanisms of their development are reviewed. While advanced lesions involve disorganization of the intima and deformity of the artery, such changes are absent or minimal in their precursors. Advanced lesions(More)
A variable population of fat-filled "foam" cells in diet-induced experimental arterial intimal plaques of rabbits and monkeys were analyzed for several features characteristic of macrophages. These included: 1) surface binding and phagocytosis of antibody-coated or complement-coated erythrocytes to detect specific surface receptors; 2) cytochemical tests(More)
  • R W Wissler
  • 1992
In this report, I relate some of the major new concepts of the cellular and humoral pathological changes of atherosclerosis to the many observations that have been made recently in the clinicopathological study of the Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth, in some of the more human lesion-related animal models, and in epidemiological(More)
An association of Chlamydia pneumoniae with atherosclerosis of coronary and carotid arteries and aorta has been found by seroepidemiology and by demonstration of the organism in atheromata. Age-matched control tissue from persons without atherosclerosis was usually not available. We studied autopsy tissue from young persons, many with no atherosclerosis, to(More)
The effect of feeding fish oil (Menhaden) on the progression of rhesus monkey atherosclerosis was determined by feeding diets containing 2% cholesterol and either 25% coconut oil (Group I), 25% fish oil/coconut oil (1:1) (Group II), or 25% fish oil/coconut oil (3:1) (Group III) for 12 months (n = 8/group). The average serum cholesterol levels were 875 mg/dl(More)