Robert W Torget

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Hydrolysis of α-cellulose by H 2 SO 4 is a heterogeneous reaction. As such the reaction is influenced by physical factors. The hydrolysis reaction is therefore controlled not only by the reaction conditions (acid concentration and temperature) but also by the physical state of the cellulose. As evidence of this, the reaction rates measured at the(More)
Previous kinetic modeling and bench-scale demonstration efforts using batch, percolation, or plug-flow reactors for the dilute sulfuric acid hydrolysis of cellulose have concluded that glucose yields above 70% of theoretical were not possible. This has been explained to be a result of reactions involving glucose or the cellulose itself in a destructive(More)
The kinetics of cellulose hydrolysis under extremely low acid (ELA) conditions (0.07 wt%) and at temperatures >200 degrees C was investigated using batch reactors and bed-shrinking flow-through (BSFT) reactors. The maximum yield of glucose obtained from batch reactor experiments was about 60% for alpha-cellulose, which occurred at 205 and 220 degrees C. The(More)
Recent research work in-house both at Auburn University and National Renewable Energy Laboratory has demonstrated that extremely low con­ centrations of acid (e.g., 0.05–0.2 wt% sulfuric acid) and high temperatures (e.g., 200–230°C) are reaction conditions that can be effectively applied for hydrolysis of the cellulosic component of biomass. These(More)
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