Robert W. Spekkens

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We investigate the degradation of reference frames, treated as dynamical quantum systems, and quantify their longevity as a resource for performing tasks in quantum information processing. We adopt an operational measure of a reference frame's longevity, namely, the number of measurements that can be made against it with a certain error tolerance. We(More)
Received (received date) Revised (revised date) It is well known that no quantum bit commitment protocol is unconditionally secure. Nonetheless, there can be non-trivial upper bounds on both Bob's probability of correctly estimating Alice's commitment and Alice's probability of successfully unveiling whatever bit she desires. In this paper, we seek to(More)
A controversy that has arisen many times over in disparate contexts is whether quantum co-herences between eigenstates of certain quantities are fact or fiction. We present a pedagogical introduction to the debate in the form of a hypothetical dialogue between proponents from each of the two camps: a factist and a fictionist. A resolution of the debate can(More)
Recently, there has been much interest in a new kind of " unspeakable " quantum information that stands to regular quantum information in the same way that a direction in space or a moment in time stands to a classical bit string: the former can only be encoded using particular degrees of freedom while the latter are indifferent to the physical nature of(More)
The Kochen-Specker theorem demonstrates that it is not possible to reproduce the predictions of quantum theory in terms of a hidden variable model where the hidden variables assign a value to every projector deterministically and noncontextually. A noncontextual value assignment to a projector is one that does not depend on which other projectors-the(More)
Extended abstract for the article " A quantum advantage for inferring causal structure " , Nature Physics (2015) [9]. Causal explanations are a singularly useful way of organizing one's knowledge about the world. This has long been recognized by philosophers and, in recent decades, motivated the development of a rigorous mathematical framework, which proved(More)
Many seemingly paradoxical effects are known in the predictions for outcomes of measurements made on pre-and post-selected quantum systems. A class of such effects, which we call " logical pre-and post-selection paradoxes " , bear a striking resemblance to proofs of the Bell-Kochen-Specker theorem, which suggests that they demonstrate the contextuality of(More)