Robert W. Rubin

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Chlamydomonas reinhardtii contains a factor that can replace adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) in the stimulation of rabbit-muscle protein kinase. The factor cochromatographs and coelectrophoreses with authentic cAMP, and is inactivated by beef heart cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase. When C. reinhardtii is exposed to aminophylline(More)
Rhythmic, spontaneously pulsating cardiac cells cultured from newborn rats are immediately stimulated to beat faster by addition of a number of tubulin-binding agents but not by their non-tubulin-binding analogues. The tubulin-binding agents tested include vinblastine, vincristine, navelbine, two analogs of vinblastine (S12362 and S12363), nocodazole,(More)
We have carried out a quantitative biochemical and ultrastructural study of tubulin and microtubules in a normal rat kidney (NRK) cell line and its viral transformant (442) in culture. Under equivalent culture conditions, both cell lines contain the same amount of tubulin according to a colchicine-binding assay. The normal and transformed cells differ(More)
A study was undertaken to develop a means of quantitating the amount of tubulin present as a soluble pool and as intact microtubules in cultured Chinese hamster ovary cells. A procedure was developed in which these cells grown on monolayer culture in Petri dishes were placed in a "microtubule stabilizing medium" (MTM) consisting of 50% glycerol, 10%(More)
Densitometric scanning of SDS-polyacrylamide gels was used to measure myosin heavy chain concentration in left ventricular specimens obtained from cat hearts 3 to 12 months after healing of small experimental myocardial infarctions. The study was designed to test the hypothesis that myosin concentration varies as a function of anatomic proximity to the(More)
Experiments were carried out to test the hypothesis that the differences between the surfaces of erythrocytes from normal and sickle cell patients are reflected in the degree of attachment to the capillary lining. An assay was used that measured the number of 51Cr-labeled erythrocytes (normal or sickle) attaching to a monolayer of endothelium cultured from(More)
The significance of intracellular Na+ concentration in catecholamine secretion of cultured bovine adrenal chromaffin cells was investigated using the monovalent carboxylic ionophore monensin. This ionophore, which is known to mediate a one-for-one exchange of intracellular K+ for extracellular Na+, induces a slow, prolonged release of catecholamines which,(More)
We have utilized epithelial rat kidney cells and their Kirsten viral transformant (442) to examine the role of actin-binding proteins in cellular morphogenesis. Normal rat kidney cells are well spread while the transformed cells are more spherical, poorly adherent, and lack actin stress fibers (Rubin, R.W., Warren, R.H., Lukeman, D.S. and Clements, E.(More)