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OBJECTIVE There were two objectives; first, to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of child sexual abuse in an American Indian community, and second, to determine whether persons with histories of child sexual abuse are at greater risk to develop psychiatric disorders and behavioral problems than persons who report no such history. METHOD A(More)
Women who have experienced childhood sexual abuse (CSA) have an increased risk of alcoholism and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). Among male subjects, a functional polymorphism (MAOA-LPR, monoamine oxidase A linked polymorphic region) in the promoter region of the monoamine oxidase A gene (MAOA) appears to moderate the effect of childhood(More)
Alcoholism is one of a group of common psychiatric diseases which are well-defined clinically and strongly influenced genetically, but which are likely to be highly heterogeneous in causation, genetically and otherwise. Dopamine is a key neurotransmitter in drug-mediated reinforcement. Based on association studies with the Taq1A downstream marker, the D2(More)
BACKGROUND In mice, quantitative trait locus studies and behavioral evaluation of animals deleted for 5-HT1B have implicated this serotonin autoreceptor in alcohol consumption and aggressive behavior. We therefore investigated whether the 5-HT1B gene (HTR1B) is linked to alcoholism with aggressive and impulsive behavior in the human, as represented by 2(More)
BACKGROUND Neurophysiological traits may identify more homogeneous subgroups of alcoholics. Such discoveries could yield information regarding pathophysiological development, leading to more specific preventive measures and treatments. In an earlier study of 127 individuals, 59 of whom were unrelated, we found that a heritable resting(More)
OBJECTIVE High rates of violence and trauma in many American Indian communities have been reported. The authors investigated the relationship between both the frequency and type of traumatic events and the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a Southwestern American Indian tribe. METHOD A structured psychiatric interview and the Traumatic(More)
The hypothesis that binge drinking is a benign behavior not associated with alcohol dependence, other psychiatric disorders, or problem areas, in American Indians, was tested in a sample of 582 adult Southwestern American Indian males and females in large multigenerational pedigrees. All information was obtained from semistructured psychiatric interviews(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the effects of gender, number of lifetime psychiatric diagnoses, and childhood victimization on utilization of mental health and substance abuse treatment services in a Southwestern American Indian tribe. METHODS A total of 582 individuals were recruited based on tribal enrollment and membership in large multigenerational(More)
BACKGROUND The risk of schizophrenia is thought to be higher in population isolates that have recently been exposed to major and accelerated cultural change, accompanied by ensuing socio-environmental stressors/triggers, than in dominant, mainstream societies. We investigated the prevalence and phenomenology of schizophrenia in 329 females and 253 males of(More)
The comparability of the MMPI-2 in American Indians with the MMPI-2 normative group was investigated in a sample of 535 Southwestern and 297 Plains American Indian tribal members with contrasting sociocultural and historical origins. Both American Indian tribal groups had clinically significant higher T scores (> 5 T points) on 5 validity and clinical(More)