Robert W. Purcell

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Listeria monocytogenes is a food-borne pathogen with a high mortality rate that has also emerged as a paradigm for intracellular parasitism. We present and compare the genome sequences of L. monocytogenes (2,944,528 base pairs) and a nonpathogenic species, L. innocua (3,011,209 base pairs). We found a large number of predicted genes encoding surface and(More)
Viral clearance during hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection has been thought to reflect the destruction of infected hepatocytes by CD8(+) T lymphocytes. However, in this study, HBV DNA was shown to largely disappear from the liver and the blood of acutely infected chimpanzees long before the peak of T cell infiltration and most of the liver disease. These(More)
Using an in vitro peptide stimulation strategy, two chimpanzees that were acutely infected by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) produced peripheral blood CTL responses to several HBV-encoded epitopes that are known to be recognized by class I-restricted CTL in acutely infected humans. One animal responded to three HBV peptides that, in humans, are restricted by(More)
The transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) is primarily localized to sensory nerve fibers and is associated with the stimulation of pain and inflammation. TRPV1 knockout (TRPV1KO) mice show enhanced LPS-induced sepsis compared with wild type (WT). This implies that TRPV1 may have a key modulatory role in increasing the beneficial and reducing the(More)
Since its initial discovery just over a decade ago, blinking of semiconductor nanocrystals has typically been described in terms of probability distributions for durations of bright, or "on," states and dark, or "off," states. These distributions are obtained by binning photon counts in order to construct a time series for emission intensity and then(More)
Background: Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) plus docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation has beneficial cardiovascular effects, but postprandial influences of these individual fatty acids are
Basement matrices such as Matrigel™ and Geltrex™ are used in a variety of cell culture assays of anchorage-dependent differentiation including endothelial cell tube formation assays. The volumes of matrix recommended for these assays (approximately 150 μl/cm2) are costly, limit working distances for microscopy, and require cell detachment for subsequent(More)
Monocytes are key cells of the innate immune system. Their phenotypic and functional roles have been investigated in humans, mice and other animals, such as the rat, pig and cow. To date, detailed phenotypic analysis of monocytes has not been undertaken in dogs. Two important surface markers in human monocytes are CD14 and MHC class II (MHC II). By flow(More)