Robert W. Kneller

Learn More
Analyses of cancer incidence data from nine areas of the United States revealed steadily rising rates from 1976 to 1987 of adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia. The increases among men in this period ranged from 4% to 10% per year, and thus exceeded those of any other type of cancer. In contrast, there were relatively stable trends for(More)
Understanding the factors that promote drug innovation is important both for improvements in health care and for the future of organizations engaged in drug discovery research and development. By identifying the inventors of 252 new drugs approved by the US Food and Drug Administration from 1998 to 2007 and their places of work, and also classifying these(More)
Incidence of various cancers was evaluated in a cohort of 5359 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, identified through hospital discharge records between 1977 and 1987 and followed for an average of 5.2 years. Computerized linkage with the Danish Cancer Registry uncovered 210 cancer cases which was significantly more than expected based on national rates(More)
Helicobacter pylori infection is a major cause of gastritis and may be a key risk factor for stomach cancer, but its role in the process of gastric carcinogenesis is not well understood. Herein, we examine H. pylori prevalence in relation to demographic and lifestyle factors and to severity of precancerous lesions in an area of China with one of the highest(More)
In this study, we compared the relative utility of plasma levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and apolipoproteins in identifying men with angiographically significant coronary artery disease in a combined sample of consecutive male patients undergoing coronary angiography (N = 304) and healthy, normal male(More)
Stomach cancer mortality data were compared with dietary and biochemical data from 65 Chinese counties to provide clues to reasons for the marked geographic variation of stomach cancer mortality rates in China. Sex-specific correlation and multivariate regression analyses showed significant positive associations with consumption of salted vegetables and(More)
Concentrations of serum pepsinogens (PG) I and II were determined for 3252 randomly selected adults who participated in a population-based gastroscopic screening in an area of China with one of the world's highest rates of gastric cancer. PG I and II concentrations in both sexes tended to be higher than reported in other countries, with levels generally(More)
Demographic, smoking and dietary information was obtained from a cohort of 17,633 white American men, largely of Scandinavian and German descent, who responded to a mailed questionnaire in 1966. After 20 years of follow-up, 50% to 90% increases in mortality from stomach cancer (75 deaths) were found among foreign-born, their children, and among residents of(More)
BACKGROUND Stomach cancer is generally thought to evolve through a series of gastric mucosal changes, but the determinants of the precancerous lesions are not well understood. PURPOSE Our purpose was to assess risk factors for intestinal metaplasia and gastric dysplasia arising from chronic atrophic gastritis in a general population at high risk for(More)
Serum levels of retinol, beta-carotene, ascorbic acid, alpha-tocopherol, selenium, ferritin, copper, and zinc were assayed for approximately 600 adults aged 35 to 64 with pre-cancerous gastric lesions in an area of China with one of the world's highest rates of stomach cancer. Previous studies have shown that the cancers generally are preceded by chronic(More)