Robert W. Ferguson

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Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United States Department of Defense. INFRINGEMENT. This material has been approved for public release and unlimited distribution except as restricted below. Internal use:* Permission to reproduce(More)
T he Standish Group published its original " Chaos Report " [1] in 1994 declaring that American companies spent $81 billion on cancelled projects. Additional Standish Group data in Figure 1 shows that the situation has not improved as much as one would hope. Even projects that are not cancelled may deliver such reduced functionality that most people would(More)
The quality of software products depends on the quality of the requirements used to create them. Expressiveness (i.e., the ability to convey the intended meaning by avoiding ambiguities and readability problems) is an important quality characteristic of natural language requirements. This paper describes an empirical study that used data from an industrial(More)
R ecent military operations around the world demonstrate the superiority of U.S. weapon systems developed by the Department of Defense (DoD). Furthermore, an ever-increasing percentage of the weapon systems' functionality is provided by software, which constantly becomes more sophisticated and complex. While the DoD has risen to the challenge, cost overruns(More)
Most software systems have some " defects " that are identified by users. Some of these are truly defects in that the requirements were not properly implemented; some are caused by changes made to other systems; still others are requests for enhancement – improvements that would improve the users' experience. These " defects " are generally stored in a(More)
Requirements analysis is a nontrivial, tedious, error prone and time consuming process. This paper describes a tool that automates identification of requirements defects that exist because of inadequate use of language for the purpose intended. The paper also describes results of using the tool on actual requirements documents from different industries. Our(More)
The amici States strongly support the right of transgender persons to live with dignity, free from discrimination. To that end, each of the amici States has adopted policies to protect transgender individuals against discrimination on the basis of their gender identities. The amici States also have a strong interest in ensuring that our residents who are(More)