Robert W Embley

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Seafloor diking-eruptive events represent the irreducible, quantum events of upper oceanic crustal accretion. They record events by which a large portion of the oceanic crust has formed through geological history. Since 1993, the U.S. Navy's real-time Sound Surveillance System has allowed location of ongoing acoustic signatures of dike emplacement and(More)
Transects of the submersible Alvin across rock outcrops in the Oregon subduction zone have furnished information on the structural and stratigraphic framework of this accretionary complex. Communities of clams and tube worms, and authigenic carbonate mineral precipitates, are associated with venting sites of cool fluids located on a fault-bend anticline at(More)
Three-quarters of the Earth's volcanic activity is submarine, located mostly along the mid-ocean ridges, with the remainder along intraoceanic arcs and hotspots at depths varying from greater than 4,000 m to near the sea surface. Most observations and sampling of submarine eruptions have been indirect, made from surface vessels or made after the fact. We(More)
  • G Bjornsson, O G Flovenz, +13 authors B Mishra
  • 2002
1407 crobial community is extremely sensitive to temperature, oxygen content, pH, and other environmental variables. It thrives in subsurface zones where the hot hydrother-mal fluid mixes with entrained seawater (13). Changes in crustal fluid temperatures of only a few degrees, or a minor alteration of crustal permeability, can cause the prevailing(More)
Our understanding of submarine volcanic eruptions has improved substantially in the past decade owing to the recent ability to remotely detect such events and to then respond rapidly with synoptic surveys and sampling at the eruption site. But these data are necessarily limited to observations after the event. In contrast, the 1998 eruption of Axial volcano(More)
Geophysics program and the NOAA Ocean Exploration Program.We thank the captain and crew of the research vessel T. G. Thompson and the University of Washington for rapidly facilitating the 2005 response effort.We also thank Changes in climate depend essentially on three basic parameters, the amount of incident sunlight, the fraction of this sunlight that is(More)
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