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During a comprehensive total diet study extending from 1985 to 1988, foods were collected in 6 Canadian cities (in one of them, a pilot study was conducted twice). For each of the 7 collections, foods were processed into 112 composites (105 in the initial pilot trial). Total arsenic was determined in all samples. The mean, median, and range of arsenic(More)
Total mercury was measured in the edible portions of 244 selected fish and shellfish purchased in Canada at the retail level. By species, average mercury concentrations ranged from 0.011 microg g(-1) for oysters to 1.82 microg g(-1) for swordfish. The predatory fish contained the highest concentrations of mercury: swordfish (mean 1.82 microg g(-1), range(More)
During the period 1986-1988, foods were purchased at the retail level in 5 Canadian cities and, for each city, prepared for consumption and combined into 113 composites and 39 composite subsets. Lead and cadmium were determined in all the samples; fluoride, in samples from Winnipeg; and cobalt and nickel, in samples from Montreal. Means and ranges of(More)
Lead, cadmium and fluoride were determined in 210 samples of human milk and the mean and median levels and ranges found were 1.04 and 0.55 ng/g (range less than 0.05-15.8 ng/g) for lead, 0.08 and 0.06 ng/g (range less than 0.002-4.05 ng/g) for cadmium, and 7.08 and less than 4 ng/g (range less than 2-97 ng/g) for fluoride. For mothers taking no fluoride(More)
Twenty-four hour duplicate diets, including drinking water and snacks, were collected from 24 adults living in five Canadian cities. Each diet was separated by the participants into 10 food categories, and each of the samples was analyzed in duplicate for lead, cadmium, arsenic and fluoride. Minimum detection limits for the respective elements in foods were(More)
Human exposure to perfluorinated compounds is a worldwide phenomenon; however, routes of human exposure to these compounds have not been well-characterized. Fifty-four solid food composite samples collected as part of the Canadian Total Diet Study (TDS) were analyzed for perfluorocarboxylates and perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) using a methanol extraction(More)
  • R W Dabeka
  • 1989
Lead, cadmium, cobalt and nickel were determined in 282 infant formulas and evaporated milks using a graphite-furnace atomic absorption coprecipitation method capable of determining background levels in all samples. On an "as sold" basis, lead in ready-to-use (RTU), concentrated liquid, and powder formulas averaged 1.6, 3.7 and 12.6 ng g-1, respectively.(More)
Mercury was detected in all analysed samples of swordfish, marlin, shark and tuna purchased from major supermarket outlets and fish retailers in three cities across Canada. Total mercury and methylmercury levels ranged up to 3845 and 2346 ng g(-1), respectively. Swordfish contained the highest levels, followed by shark, fresh/frozen tuna and marlin. Levels(More)
Mineral, spring and other bottled drinking waters sold in Canada in the winter of 1995-96 were surveyed for chlorate, bromide, bromate, Cr(VI), Li, B, Al, Mn, Cu, Zn, Sr, Ba, Be, V, Cr, Co, Ni, As, Se, Mo, Ag, Cd, Sb, Tl, Pb, Na, K, Ca and Mg. Chlorate and bromide were determined by ion chromatography (IC) with conductivity detection, Cr(VI) by IC with(More)