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The complete amino acid sequence of two "isoallergenic" forms of Lol p I, the major rye grass (Lolium perenne) pollen allergen, was deduced from cDNA sequence analysis. cDNA clones isolated from a Lolium perenne pollen library contained an open reading frame coding for a 240-amino acid protein. Comparison of the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence of(More)
Inasmuch as the hepatitis B virus (HBV) is not directly cytopathic for the infected hepatocyte, it is generally presumed that viral clearance and liver cell injury during viral hepatitis are due to a CTL response to HBV encoded Ag presented by HLA class I molecules. We have previously examined the peripheral blood CTL response to two HBV nucleocapsid(More)
The relationship between binding affinity for HLA class I molecules and immunogenicity of discrete peptide epitopes has been analyzed in two different experimental approaches. In the first approach, the immunogenicity of potential epitopes ranging in MHC binding affinity over a 10,000-fold range was analyzed in HLA-A*0201 transgenic mice. In the second(More)
The peptide binding specificities of HLA-DRB1*0401, DRB1*0101, and DRB1*0701 have been analyzed by the use of large collections of synthetic peptides corresponding to naturally occurring sequences. The results demonstrated that nearly all peptides binding to these DR molecules bear a motif characterized by a large aromatic or hydrophobic residue in position(More)
Transgenic murine lines have been constructed that express a chimeric class I molecule composed of the alpha 1 and alpha 2 domains of HLA-A2.1 and the alpha 3, transmembrane, and cytoplasmic domains of H-2Kb. Upon immunization with influenza virus, transgenic mice developed a strong A2.1Kb-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response specific for the(More)
We recently described human leukocyte antigen (HLA) A2, A3 and B7 supertypes, characterized by largely overlapping peptide-binding specificities and represented in a high percentage of different populations. Here, we identified 17 Plasmodium falciparum peptides capable of binding these supertypes and assessed antigenicity in both vaccinated and naturally(More)
The binding capacity of large sets of peptides corresponding to naturally occurring sequences and carrying previously defined A24-specific motifs was analyzed. It was found that only a minority (9-25%) of the motif-carrying peptides bound the relevant HLA-A molecule with good affinity (IC 50% < or = 50 nM), while the majority of them bound only weakly or(More)
Antiviral cytotoxic T-cells are critical for control of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) infection in mice. In H-2b mice, the antiviral response is directed against three Db-restricted epitopes in the viral nucleoprotein (NP396-404) and glycoprotein (GP276-286 and GP33-41). Our present data revealed a clear hierarchy among these three epitopes, in(More)
Forty-two wild-type and analogue peptides derived from p53, carcinoembryonic Ag, Her2/neu, and MAGE2/3 were screened for their capacity to induce CTLs, in vitro, capable of recognizing tumor target lines. All the peptides bound HLA-A*0201 and two or more additional A2 supertype alleles with an IC(50) of 500 nM or less. A total of 20 of 22 wild-type and 9 of(More)
In this study we have evaluated some of the potential mechanisms that may be responsible for the inefficiency with which resting B cells function as antigen-presenting cells (APC) and the mechanism by which that function is enhanced following treatment of B cells with neuraminidase. One mechanism that has been previously suggested is that glycosylation(More)