Robert W. Buchanan

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The significance of neurological signs in schizophrenia is poorly understood. In part, this may reflect the marked variability in the methods of ascertainment in previous studies. The Neurological Evaluation Scale (NES) is designed to standardize the assessment of neurological impairment in schizophrenia. The battery consists of 26 items. Data on the(More)
The Schedule for the Deficit Syndrome (SDS) is an instrument for categorizing schizophrenic patients into those with and those without the deficit syndrome. In a study of 40 schizophrenic patients diagnosed by DSM-III criteria, raters using the SDS demonstrated good interrater reliability for this categorization, as well as for individual negative symptoms(More)
In light of the large number of studies published since the 2004 update of Schizophrenia Patient Outcomes Research Team psychopharmacological treatment recommendations, we conducted an extensive literature review to determine whether the current psychopharmacological treatment recommendations required revision and whether there was sufficient evidence to(More)
The authors review studies of abnormal signs on clinical neurological examination of schizophrenic patients. In spite of a number of methodologic limitations, the cumulative evidence strongly argues that there are more neurological signs in schizophrenic patients than in nonpsychiatric control subjects. Although less consistent, there is considerable(More)
The Schizophrenia Patient Outcomes Research Team (PORT) project has played a significant role in the development and dissemination of evidence-based practices for schizophrenia. In contrast to other clinical guidelines, the Schizophrenia PORT Treatment Recommendations, initially published in 1998 and first revised in 2003, are based primarily on empirical(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with schizophrenia frequently present with negative symptoms and cognitive impairments for which no effective treatments are known. Agents that act at the glycine site of the N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) glutamatergic receptor have been suggested as promising treatments for moderate to severe negative symptoms and cognitive(More)
We used magnetic resonance imaging to examine the morphologic characteristics of the amygdala/hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, and caudate nucleus in 29 healthy volunteers matched for age, gender, and head of household socioeconomic status and 44 patients with chronic schizophrenia. Total volumes of these structures were determined from 3-mm contiguous(More)
OBJECTIVE Schizophrenia is associated with several chronic physical illnesses and a shorter life expectancy, compared with life expectancy in the general population. One approach to improving the health of patients with schizophrenia is to improve the monitoring of physical health that occurs in psychiatric settings. The authors discuss a consensus panel's(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies have suggested the involvement of the frontal and parietal cortices and thalamus in a neural circuit underlying the production of primary enduring negative or deficit symptoms of schizophrenia. The purpose of this study was to examine whether structural changes in the proposed circuit are associated with the production of deficit(More)
BACKGROUND Impairments in working memory have been proposed to underlie a broad range of cognitive deficits seen in schizophrenia. Visual working memory impairments are frequently reported in schizophrenia. Investigations of visual working memory generally assume intact visual information processing, despite evidence of visual perceptual impairments in(More)