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The Schedule for the Deficit Syndrome (SDS) is an instrument for categorizing schizophrenic patients into those with and those without the deficit syndrome. In a study of 40 schizophrenic patients diagnosed by DSM-III criteria, raters using the SDS demonstrated good interrater reliability for this categorization, as well as for individual negative symptoms(More)
The significance of neurological signs in schizophrenia is poorly understood. In part, this may reflect the marked variability in the methods of ascertainment in previous studies. The Neurological Evaluation Scale (NES) is designed to standardize the assessment of neurological impairment in schizophrenia. The battery consists of 26 items. Data on the(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies have suggested the involvement of the frontal and parietal cortices and thalamus in a neural circuit underlying the production of primary enduring negative or deficit symptoms of schizophrenia. The purpose of this study was to examine whether structural changes in the proposed circuit are associated with the production of deficit(More)
OBJECTIVE Electroencephalographic (EEG) synchronization in the gamma band is thought to represent a neuronal mechanism by which the brain integrates information processed in different cortical areas to build a coherent internal representation. Previous studies have reported abnormal gamma range ( approximately 40 Hz) synchronization in schizophrenic(More)
If schizophrenia is a clinical syndrome rather than a single disease, the identification of specific diseases within the syndrome would facilitate the advance of knowledge and the development of more specific treatments. We propose that deficit psychopathology (ie, enduring, idiopathic negative symptoms) defines a group of patients with a disease different(More)
Many previous studies exploring cortical gray matter (GM) differences in schizophrenia have used "region of interest" (ROI) measurements to manually delineate GM volumes. Recently, some investigators have instead employed voxel-based morphometry (VBM), an automated whole-brain magnetic resonance image measurement technique. The purpose of the current study(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have suggested that functional impairments of the frontal and parietal lobes are related to the deficit symptoms of schizophrenia. The purpose of the current study was to examine whether neuropsychological measures of frontal and parietal lobe function differentiated deficit from nondeficit patients. Neuropsychological measures(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies indicate that negative symptoms reflect a separable domain of pathology from other symptoms of schizophrenia. However, it is currently unclear whether negative symptoms themselves are multi-faceted, and whether sub-groups of patients who display unique negative symptom profiles can be identified. METHODS A data-driven approach(More)
OBJECTIVE The temporal lobe and associated structures have been previously implicated in the neuroanatomy of schizophrenia. This study was designed to assess the potential influence of gender on the morphology of temporal lobe structures, including the superior temporal gyrus and the amygdala/hippocampal complex, in patients with schizophrenia and to(More)
We used magnetic resonance imaging to examine the morphologic characteristics of the amygdala/hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, and caudate nucleus in 29 healthy volunteers matched for age, gender, and head of household socioeconomic status and 44 patients with chronic schizophrenia. Total volumes of these structures were determined from 3-mm contiguous(More)