Robert W. Armstrong

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During a 4-year study of 4,256 knee arthroscopies, eighteen patients became infected (infection rate 0.42%). Occurrence of infection was strongly associated with use of long-acting intraarticular intraoperative corticosteroids. Infection was more common among patients with longer surgery operating times, increased numbers of procedures during surgery, prior(More)
Listerial brainstem encephalitis is a rare disease. Only 62 cases have been reported previously; all were in adults, only 8% of whom were immunosuppressed. The disease has a characteristic biphasic course: a nonspecific prodrome of headache, nausea or vomiting, and fever lasting for several days is followed by progressive asymmetrical cranial-nerve palsies,(More)
Increased intracranial pressure has been a noteworthy problem in some of our patients with cryptococcal meningitis and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), and this appears to be a feature observed in patients with cryptococcal meningitis reported in the literature. Whereas most attention of clinicians is presently focused on optimizing the antifungal(More)
BACKGROUND Stimulation and nutrition delivered through health programmes at a large scale could potentially benefit more than 200 million young children worldwide who are not meeting their developmental potential. We investigated the feasibility and effectiveness of the integration of interventions to enhance child development and growth outcomes in the(More)
Protein phosphatases play significant roles in signal transduction pathways pertaining to cell proliferation, gene expression, and neurotransmission. Serine/threonine phosphatases PP1 and PP2A, which are closely related in primary structure (approximately 50%), are inhibited by a structurally diverse group of natural toxins. As part of our study toward(More)
A randomized controlled single-blind trial was performed to compare lumbo-sacral selective posterior rhizotomy (SPR) followed by intensive physiotherapy, with intensive physiotherapy alone in improving motor function in children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy. Fifteen patients were randomly assigned to each treatment modality. Patients in the SPR(More)
We describe 4 patients with encephalitis due to possible reactivation of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) infection who were enrolled in the California Encephalitis Project. All were immunocompetent and had HHV-6 loads determined in cerebrospinal fluid specimens. Tests for detection of HHV-6 should be considered for individuals with encephalitis.
The primary purposes of this article are to review the literature on seating assessment and to describe the development of a clinical evaluation scale, the Seated Postural Control Measure (SPCM), for use with children requiring adaptive seating systems. The SPCM is an observational scale of 22 seated postural alignment items and 12 functional movement(More)