Robert Vetter

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Cardiac hypertrophy is associated with modifications in Ca2+ transport processes, enzymes of energy metabolism and antioxidant capacity. It is unknown whether these changes occur in infarct-induced hypertrophy with regard to an altered susceptibility to ischemia/reperfusion injury. We examined changes in sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ transport, creatine(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to investigate the functional activity and expression of the sarcolemmal Na+/Ca2+-exchanger in the failing human heart. METHODS Left ventricular samples were taken from eleven patients with end-stage heart failure and six organ donors (normal controls). The Na+/Ca2+-exchanger activity was assessed by measuring(More)
To characterize the effect of an altered substrate utilization for cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ transport, normotensive rats were treated for 5 wk with 15 mg.kg-1.day-1 enantiomeric etomoxir, which inhibits mitochondrial carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT-1) and fatty acid synthesis. Ca2+ uptake rates of left and right ventricular homogenates(More)
To define determinants of subcellular structures of heart, Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were treated for 5 wk with 15 mg.kg-1.day-1 etomoxir [reduces mitochondrial carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT-1) activity and fatty acid synthesis]. To bypass CPT-1 inhibition, etomoxir-treated rats were fed a medium-chain fatty(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between sarcolemmal Na(+)-Ca2+ exchangers and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) -ATPase (SERCA2) expression and the developmental differences in cardiac Ca2+ handling. Postnatal steady-state mRNA and protein levels were analysed in rat ventricular myocardium by Northern and immunoblot analysis,(More)
BACKGROUND In the heart, there are high constitutive levels of the two related small heat shock proteins, HSP25 and alphaB-crystallin. To gain insight into their functional role, we have analyzed abundance and location of both proteins in rat and human hearts at different stages of development and in diseased state. METHODS AND RESULTS Immunoblotting(More)
Highly purified sarcolemmal membranes were prepared from pig heart homogenates by differential and density gradient centrifugations. The membrane fragments exhibit ATP-dependent Ca2+-transport and Na+/Ca2+-exchange activities. ATP-dependent Ca2+-transport (K0.5Ca2+ = 0.3 microM; Vmax = 4.6 nmol Ca2+.mg protein-1.min-1) is not stimulated by oxalate.(More)
Highly purified porcine cardiac sarcolemma was used as a source for purification of mammalian cardiac 1,4-dihydropyridine receptors associated with the voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel. The cardiac digitonin-solubilized receptor prelabeled with (+)-[3H]PN 200-110 was enriched at least 236-fold using an improved, rapid three-step purification protocol which(More)
Phosphorylation of phospholamban and development of reticular Ca2+ transport were studied in crude membrane preparations of embryonic, newborn and adult chick heart. Maximal phosphorylation of phospholamban by added catalytic subunit of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase increases from embryonic day 4-15. It decreases with further development. In the same(More)