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We investigated how the velocity of anterior-posterior movement of a visual surround affected segmental kinematics during stance. Ten healthy young adults were exposed to sinusoidal oscillation of an immersive virtual scene at five peak velocities ranging from 1.2 to 188 cm/s at each of four frequencies: 0.05, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.55 Hz. Root mean square (RMS)(More)
We assessed the eeects of network latency and jitter on a cooperative tele-operation task in a collaborative virtual environment. Two remote partners worked together to manipulate shared virtual objects over a network. The task was to minimize the time to transfer a ring through one of four paths with the least number of collisions. The performance of human(More)
Horizontal eye position was monitored using a photoelectric method during monocular and binocular fixation in four patients having amblyopia without strabismus, thirteen patients having constant strabismus with amblyopia, and five patients having intermittent strabismus. Four abnormalities of fixation were found: increased drift, saccadic intrusions,(More)
We examined the effect of a 3-dimensional stereoscopic scene on segmental stabilization. Eight subjects participated in static sway and locomotion experiments with a visual scene that moved sinusoidally or at constant velocity about the pitch or roll axes. Segmental displacements, Fast Fourier Transforms, and Root Mean Square values were calculated. In both(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the impact of assisted motor training in a virtual environment on hand function in stroke survivors. PARTICIPANTS Fifteen volunteer stroke survivors (32-88 years old) with chronic upper extremity hemiparesis (1-38 years post incident) took part. METHOD Participants had 6 weeks of(More)
To stabilize our position in space we use visual information as well as non-visual physical motion cues. However, visual cues can be ambiguous: visually perceived motion may be caused by self-movement, movement of the environment, or both. The nervous system must combine the ambiguous visual cues with noisy physical motion cues to resolve this ambiguity and(More)
Fixational eye movements were studied to determine the presence of and to quantify saccadic intrusions under monocular and binocular viewing conditions in subjects with intermittent strabismus, amblyopia without stabismus, or constant strabismus amblyopia. Saccadic intrusions were present under most test conditions in intermittent strabismus, were rarely(More)
Saccadic latencies were measured in amblyopes with constant strabismus, amblyopes without strabismus, and intermittent strabismics with or without amblyopia. Subjects tracked a small spot of light, either monocularly or binocularly, which moved with random horizontal step displacements of 0.25--8.5 deg over the central field. Increased saccadic latencies(More)
Although it is common clinical knowledge that oculomotor control appears to normalize during the course of successful orthoptics therapy for amblyopia, reports providing a quantitative analysis of eye movements during extended periods of treatment are lacking. We provide for the first time such a report in an adult amblyope. Aspects of eye movement control(More)