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Triglyceride accumulation protects against fatty acid-induced lipotoxicity
Excess lipid accumulation in non-adipose tissues is associated with insulin resistance, pancreatic β-cell apoptosis and heart failure. Here, we demonstrate in cultured cells that the relativeExpand
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Mammalian Sir2 Homolog SIRT3 Regulates Global Mitochondrial Lysine Acetylation
ABSTRACT Homologs of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sir2 protein, sirtuins, promote longevity in many organisms. Studies of the sirtuin SIRT3 have so far been limited to cell culture systems. Here, weExpand
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A dual thrombin receptor system for platelet activation
Platelet-dependent arterial thrombosis triggers most heart attacks and strokes. Because the coagulation protease thrombin is the most potent activator of platelets, identification of the plateletExpand
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Suppression of Oxidative Stress by β-Hydroxybutyrate, an Endogenous Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor
Stress Protector During prolonged fasting, the oxidation of fatty acids leads to increased accumulation of d-β-hydroxybutyrate (βOHB) in the bloodstream. Such increased concentrations of βOHB inhibitExpand
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Identification of a gene encoding an acyl CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferase, a key enzyme in triacylglycerol synthesis.
Triacylglycerols are quantitatively the most important storage form of energy for eukaryotic cells. Acyl CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT, EC catalyzes the terminal and onlyExpand
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SIRT 3 regulates mitochondrial fatty-acid oxidation by reversible enzyme deacetylation
Sirtuins are NAD-dependent protein deacetylases. They mediate adaptive responses to a variety of stresses, including calorie restriction and metabolic stress. Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) is localized in theExpand
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Functional genomic screen reveals genes involved in lipid-droplet formation and utilization
Eukaryotic cells store neutral lipids in cytoplasmic lipid droplets enclosed in a monolayer of phospholipids and associated proteins. These dynamic organelles serve as the principal reservoirs forExpand
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Impaired monocyte migration and reduced type 1 (Th1) cytokine responses in C-C chemokine receptor 2 knockout mice.
Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is a potent agonist for mononuclear leukocytes and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and granulomatous lung disease. To determineExpand
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Triacylglycerol synthesis enzymes mediate lipid droplet growth by relocalizing from the ER to lipid droplets.
Lipid droplets (LDs) store metabolic energy and membrane lipid precursors. With excess metabolic energy, cells synthesize triacylglycerol (TG) and form LDs that grow dramatically. It is unclear howExpand
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Obesity resistance and multiple mechanisms of triglyceride synthesis in mice lacking Dgat
Triglycerides (or triacylglycerols) represent the major form of stored energy in eukaryotes. Triglyceride synthesis has been assumed to occur primarily through acyl CoA:diacylglycerol transferaseExpand
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