Robert Ullrich

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Formation of lymphatic metastasis is the initial step of generalized spreading of tumor cells and predicts poor clinical prognosis. Lymphatic vessels generally arise within the peritumoral stroma, although the lymphangiopoietic vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF)-C and -D are produced by tumor cells. In a carefully selected collection of human(More)
Recent studies on the immunopathology of multiple sclerosis revealed a heterogeneity in the patterns of demyelination, suggesting interindividual differences in the mechanism responsible for myelin destruction. One of these patterns of demyelination, characterized by oligodendrocyte dystrophy and apoptosis, closely mimics myelin destruction in acute white(More)
INTRODUCTION The goal of the present study was to compare the pattern of coronary capillaries in healthy participants and in patients with end-stage heart failure due to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM), or inflammatory cardiomyopathy (InfCM). METHODS Capillary patterns were studied in histological sections from(More)
The chemokine MCP-1 is thought to play a key role - among many other pathophysiological processes - in myocardial infarction. MCP-1 is not only a key attractant for monocytes and macrophages and as such responsible for inflammation but might also be directly involved in the modulation of repair processes in the heart. We show that cultured human cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVE In murine and rat cardiac myocytes the gp130 system transduces survival as well as hypertrophic signals and via induction of the expression of the potent angiogenic factor VEGF in these cells also indirectly contributes to cardiac repair processes through the development of new blood vessels. There are, however, species differences in receptor(More)
Accumulating evidence points towards a role for proteases and protease inhibitors in tissue remodelling and repair in a variety of organs. In particular-besides the matrix metalloprotease system-the plasminogen activator (PA)/plasmin system has been implicated in these processes in the heart. Urokinase type PA (u-PA) and PA inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) seem to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recently, 3 clinical trials revealed encouraging results in recanalization and clinical outcome in acute stroke patients when 2-MHz transcranial Doppler monitoring was applied. This study investigated whether a 1.8-MHz commercial diagnostic ultrasound device has the potential to facilitate thrombolysis using an in vitro stroke model.(More)
Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a long-term threat in heart transplant recipients and its exact pathogenesis remains to be established. As complement activation contributes to early and late allograft dysfunction, we hypothesized that deposition of the complement fragment, C4d, in capillaries of cardiac allograft biopsies may be associated with CAV.(More)
BACKGROUND The heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) isoenzyme has recently been suggested to protect transplants from ischemia-reperfusion and immunologic injury. Inducibility of this enzyme is modulated by a (GT)n dinucleotide length polymorphism in the HO-1 gene promoter. Short (class S) repeats are associated with greater up-regulation of HO-1 than are long repeats.(More)
OBJECTIVE Ischemia/reperfusion injury caused by cardioplegic arrest is still a major challenge in patients with reduced left ventricular function. We investigated the effect of chronic versus acute administration of the selective endothelin-A receptor antagonist (ERA) TBC-3214Na during ischemia/reperfusion in failing hearts. METHODS Male Sprague-Dawley(More)