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Eukaryotic cells contain assemblies of RNAs and proteins termed RNA granules. Many proteins within these bodies contain KH or RRM RNA-binding domains as well as low complexity (LC) sequences of unknown function. We discovered that exposure of cell or tissue lysates to a biotinylated isoxazole (b-isox) chemical precipitated hundreds of RNA-binding proteins(More)
We present a structural model for amyloid fibrils formed by the 40-residue beta-amyloid peptide associated with Alzheimer's disease (Abeta(1-40)), based on a set of experimental constraints from solid state NMR spectroscopy. The model additionally incorporates the cross-beta structural motif established by x-ray fiber diffraction and satisfies constraints(More)
In vitro, β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides form polymorphic fibrils, with molecular structures that depend on growth conditions, plus various oligomeric and protofibrillar aggregates. Here, we investigate structures of human brain-derived Aβ fibrils, using seeded fibril growth from brain extract and data from solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance and electron(More)
We describe solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements on fibrils formed by the 40-residue beta-amyloid peptide associated with Alzheimer's disease (Abeta(1-40)) that place constraints on the identity and symmetry of contacts between in-register, parallel beta-sheets in the fibrils. We refer to these contacts as internal and external(More)
We report solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements that probe the supramolecular organization of beta-sheets in the cross-beta motif of amyloid fibrils formed by residues 11-25 of the beta-amyloid peptide associated with Alzheimer's disease (Abeta(11-25)). Fibrils were prepared at pH 7.4 and pH 2.4. The solid state NMR data indicate that(More)
Education (fellowship to ONA), the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (fellowship to YI), and the Whitaker Foundation through the NIH Biomedical Engineering Summer Internship Program (internship to JR). Solid state NMR techniques used in this work were developed under grants to RT from the NIH Intramural AIDS Targeted Antiviral Program. Abstract The(More)
Amyloid fibrils commonly exhibit multiple distinct morphologies in electron microscope and atomic force microscope images, often within a single image field. By using electron microscopy and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance measurements on fibrils formed by the 40-residue beta-amyloid peptide of Alzheimer's disease (Abeta(1-40)), we show that(More)
The 37-residue amylin peptide, also known as islet amyloid polypeptide, forms fibrils that are the main peptide or protein component of amyloid that develops in the pancreas of type 2 diabetes patients. Amylin also readily forms amyloid fibrils in vitro that are highly polymorphic under typical experimental conditions. We describe a protocol for the(More)
Solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements have made major contributions to our understanding of the molecular structures of amyloid fibrils, including fibrils formed by the beta-amyloid peptide associated with Alzheimer's disease, by proteins associated with fungal prions, and by a variety of other polypeptides. Because solid-state NMR(More)
Recent solid-state NMR data (1) demonstrate that Abeta(1)(-)(40) adopts a conformation in amyloid fibrils with two in-register, parallel beta-sheets, connected by a bend structure encompassing residues D(23)VGSNKG(29), with a close contact between the side chains of Asp23 and Lys28. We hypothesized that forming this bend structure might be rate-limiting in(More)