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A climate chamber experiment was conducted to assay the effect of low temperatures (chilling) on the diversity of bacteria colonizing the endospheres of two thermophilic sweet pepper (Capsicum anuum L.) cultivars, Milder Spiral and Ziegenhorn Bello. Structural diversity was analyzed by 16S rRNA-based terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism(More)
Intracellular generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) via thiol-mediated reduction of copper(II) to copper(I) has been assumed as the major mechanism underlying the anticancer activity of copper(II) complexes. The aim of this study was to compare the anticancer potential of copper(II) complexes of Triapine (3-aminopyridine-2-carboxaldehyde(More)
Transient, multi-protein complexes are important facilitators of cellular functions. This includes the chaperome, an abundant protein family comprising chaperones, co-chaperones, adaptors, and folding enzymes-dynamic complexes of which regulate cellular homeostasis together with the protein degradation machinery. Numerous studies have addressed the role of(More)
The stoichiometry and stability constants of the Ga(III) complexes of 8-hydroxyquinoline (HQ), 8-hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonate (HQS), maltol, thiomaltol, allomaltol and thioallomaltol were determined by means of pH-potentiometry, UV-vis spectrophotometry, spectrofluorometry and (1)H NMR spectroscopy in aqueous solution. Spectrofluorometry was used to(More)
The first metal complexes of 3-aminopyridine-2-carboxaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (Triapine) were synthesized. Triapine was prepared by a novel three-step procedure in 64% overall yield. In addition, a series of related ligands, namely, 2-formylpyridine thiosemicarbazone, 2-acetylpyridine thiosemicarbazone, 2-pyridineformamide thiosemicarbazone, and their(More)
Triapine (3-AP; 3-aminopyridine-2-carboxaldehyde thiosemicarbazone), a ribonucleotide reductase inhibitor, has been extensively evaluated in clinical trials in the last decade. This study addresses the role of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in the anticancer activity of 3-AP and the derivative N(4),N(4)-dimethyl-triapine (3-AP-Me), differing from 3-AP(More)
Triapine (3-aminopyridine-2-carboxaldehyde thiosemicarbazone), which entered several phase I and II clinical trials as an antitumor chemotherapeutic agent, was found to possess intrinsic fluorescence properties (lambda(ex) = 360 nm), which enabled us to monitor the uptake and intracellular distribution in living human cancer cells by fluorescence microscopy.
BACKGROUND Hypoxic and necrotic regions that accrue within solid tumors in vivo are known to be associated with metastasis formation, radio- and chemotherapy resistance, and drug metabolism. Therefore, integration of these tumor characteristics into in vitro drug screening models is advantageous for any reliable investigation of the anticancer activity of(More)