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OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a preoperative exercise intervention on knee pain, functional ability, and quadriceps strength among patients with knee osteoarthritis before and after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery. DESIGN A repeated-measures design was used to compare 2 groups over 4 data collection points. (More)
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND Pain can adversely affect muscle functioning by inhibiting muscle contractions. Delayed onset muscle soreness was used as a tool to ascertain whether a topical menthol-based analgesic or ice was more effective at reducing pain and permitting greater muscular voluntary and evoked force. METHODS Sixteen subjects were randomized to receive(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of commercially sold menthol (3.5%) ointment and cold application on blood flow in the forearm. DESIGN : Prospective counterbalanced design. SETTING University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Twelve (6 men and 6 women) college-aged students. INTERVENTIONS Each participant had blood flow measured in the brachial(More)
Increasing physical activity is often prescribed to improve blood lipids; however, the efficacy of exercise in improving blood lipids in older adults is not clear. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of different exercise modes on blood lipid levels in previously sedentary older adults engaging in a 16-week exercise intervention. One(More)
Accurate information is needed to facilitate health equity in underserved communities. This community-based participatory study asked residents about the meaning of mental health, their perceptions of community mental health needs, barriers to accessing mental health care, and acceptability of mental health services that are integrated in primary health(More)
Preparing for the stress of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery by exercise training (prehabilitation) may improve strength and function before surgery and, if effective, has the potential to contribute to postoperative recovery. Subjects with severe osteoarthritis (OA), pain intractable to medicine and scheduled for TKA were randomized into a usual care(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the presence and temporal relationship between back pain and knee osteoarthritis (OA). All subjects were candidates for unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to relieve knee pain related to OA, and information regarding the prevalence of back pain was collected via questionnaires. A total of 42 subjects with(More)
Declines in physical activity that accompany an admission to an intensive care unit (ICU) represent a significant stress to the body. Decreases in physical activity have been demonstrated to result in losses in functional capacity of the musculoskeletal and cardiovascular systems. These two systems are central to achieving and maintaining functional(More)
The purpose of this study is to explore the incidence and impact of physician verbal abuse on perioperative nurses. Roy's Adaptation Model was used as the framework for this descriptive, exploratory study. Seventy-eight perioperative nurses completed the Verbal Abuse Scale questionnaire. Seventy-one nurses (91%) reported experiencing some type of verbal(More)
This study tested whether a 12-week dynamic resistance strength training program can change gait velocity and improve measures of balance among adults age 65 and older. Fifty-five community-dwelling adults (mean age = 71.1) were randomized into an exercise (n = 25) or control (n = 30) group. The exercisers were requested to complete three bouts of strength(More)