Robert T Matthews

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Proteolytic fragments generated by ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin motifs)-mediated cleavage of the aggregating chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan, brevican, have been identified, but not localized in the CNS. The purpose of this study, using kainate-induced CNS lesion, was to examine the spatial and quantitative relationship(More)
A common feature of drugs of abuse is their ability to increase extracellular dopamine levels in key brain circuits. The actions of dopamine within these circuits are thought to be important in reward and addiction-related behaviors. Current theories of addiction also posit a central role for corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) and an interaction between(More)
We have utilized a guinea pig in vitro brain slice preparation of the medial septum (MS) and the vertical and horizontal limbs of the nucleus of the diagonal band of Broca (nDBB) to identify and classify different cell types within cholinergic nuclei. Utilizing a double-labeling technique which pairs intracellular injection of the fluorescent dye Lucifer(More)
Perineuronal nets (PNs) are lattice-like condensations of the extracellular matrix (ECM) that envelop synapses and decorate the surface of subsets of neurons in the CNS. Previous work has suggested that, despite the fact that PNs themselves are not visualized until later in development, some PN component molecules are expressed in the rodent CNS even before(More)
Buspirone is an anxiolytic drug with a clinical potency similar to that of diazepam, but it lacks affinity for diazepam of y-aminobutyric acid (GABA) binding sites. Because previous reports suggested that buspirone may possess dopamine (DA) agonist activity, buspirone was tested for effects on DA neurotransmission. At presynaptic DA receptors, unlike other(More)
A growing literature suggests that catecholamines and corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) interact in a serial manner to activate the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) to drive stress- or cue-induced drug- and alcohol-seeking behaviors. Data suggest that these behaviors are driven in part by BNST projections to the ventral tegmental area (VTA).(More)
A considerable body of evidence indicates that opiates have an important influence on midbrain dopaminergic neurons. However, little data exist concerning the effects of opiates on the activity of single dopaminergic neurons, particularly the dopaminergic neurons of the ventral tegmental area. Firing rates of mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons were recorded(More)
Firing patterns, action potential characteristics and some active membrane properties of guinea-pig medial septum/diagonal band neurons were studied in an in vitro slice preparation. A comparison was made between several types of cells classified according to either extracellularly recorded (n = 130) or intracellularly recorded (n = 30) electrophysiological(More)
Congenital muscular dystrophies (CMDs) with associated brain abnormalities are a group of disorders characterized by muscular dystrophy and brain and eye abnormalities that are frequently caused by mutations in known or putative glycotransferases involved in protein O-mannosyl glycosylation. Previous work identified α-dystroglycan as the major substrate for(More)
The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) and its adrenergic input are key components in stress-induced reinstatement and maintenance of drug use. Intra-BNST injections of either beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) antagonists or alpha2-adrenergic receptor (alpha2-AR) agonists can inhibit footshock-induced reinstatement and maintenance of cocaine- and(More)