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In this paper we report the identification, cloning and expression analysis of four putative sucrose transporter (SUT) genes from rice, designated OsSUT2, 3, 4 and 5. Three of the four genes were identified through extensive searches of the recently published draft sequence of the rice genome. Along with the previously reported OsSUT1 we propose that these(More)
We propose a simplified alternative method for quantifying the partitioning of excitation energy between photochemistry, fluorescence and thermal dissipation. This alternative technique uses existing well-defined quantum efficiencies such as ΦPS II, leaving no 'excess' efficiency unaccounted for, effectively separates regulated and constitutive thermal(More)
Cotton is the most important textile crop as a result of its long cellulose-enriched mature fibers. These single-celled hairs initiate at anthesis from the ovule epidermis. To date, genes proven to be critical for fiber development have not been identified. Here, we examined the role of the sucrose synthase gene (Sus) in cotton fiber and seed by(More)
Photosynthetic O(2)-production and photorespiratory O(2)-uptake were measured, using stable isotope techniques, in isolated intact leaf cells of the C(3) plant Xanthium strumarium L., and isolated intact chloroplasts of Spinacia oleracea L (var. Yates 102). Considerable light dependent O(2)-uptake was observed in both systems, a proportion of which could be(More)
Past increases in yield potential of wheat have largely resulted from improvements in harvest index rather than increased biomass. Further large increases in harvest index are unlikely, but an opportunity exists for increasing productive biomass and harvestable grain. Photosynthetic capacity and efficiency are bottlenecks to raising productivity and there(More)
C(4) plants are rare in the cool climates characteristic of high latitudes and elevations, but the reasons for this are unclear. We tested the hypothesis that CO(2) fixation by Rubisco is the rate-limiting step during C(4) photosynthesis at cool temperatures. We measured photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence from 6 degrees C to 40 degrees C, and in(More)
Each cotton fiber is a single cell that elongates to 2.5 to 3.0 cm from the seed coat epidermis within approximately 16 days after anthesis (DAA). To elucidate the mechanisms controlling this rapid elongation, we studied the gating of fiber plasmodesmata and the expression of the cell wall-loosening gene expansin and plasma membrane transporters for sucrose(More)
‘Photosynthetic control’ describes the processes that serve to modify chloroplast membrane reactions in order to co-ordinate the synthesis of ATP and NADPH with the rate at which these metabolites can be used in carbon metabolism. At low irradiance, optimisation of the use of excitation energy is required, while at high irradiance photosynthetic control(More)
Some of the most productive plants on the planet use a variant of photosynthesis known as the C(4) pathway. This photosynthetic mechanism uses a biochemical pump to concentrate CO(2) to levels up to 10-fold atmospheric in specialized cells of the leaf where Rubisco, the primary enzyme of C(3) photosynthesis, is located. The basic biochemical pathways(More)
Suc-phosphate synthase (SPS) is a key regulatory enzyme in the pathway of Suc biosynthesis and has been linked to quantitative trait loci controlling plant growth and yield. In dicotyledonous plants there are three SPS gene families: A, B, and C. Here we report the finding of five families of SPS genes in wheat (Triticum aestivum) and other monocotyledonous(More)