Robert T. Dorr

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The antitumor antibiotic mitomycin C (MMC) was studied in vitro using L1210 leukemia and 8226 human myeloma cells. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by colony formation in soft agar, and DNA damage was analyzed using alkaline elution filter assays. The purposes of these studies were: (a) to characterize the time course of MMC-DNA damage; (b) to characterize the(More)
Verapamil reversed resistance to doxorubicin in a human multiple myeloma cell line selected for multiple drug resistance. The drug-resistant cell line 8226/DOX40 is known to have reduced intracellular drug accu mulation associated with the overexpression of P-glycoprotein when compared to the sensitive parent cell line 8226/S. Verapamil alone was minimally(More)
The melanocortins (MCs) are a family of multifunctional peptidergic hormones. Several superpotent, prolonged acting, enzymatically resistant, MC analogs have been designed and synthesized to help clarify the nature and role of MCs and their receptors (MCRs) in physiological functions. Two of these analogs, a linear peptide, melanotan I, and a cyclic(More)
Imexon is a cyanoaziridine derivative that has antitumor activity in multiple myeloma. Previous studies have shown that imexon induces oxidative stress and apoptosis in the RPMI 8226 myeloma cell line. This study reports that imexon has cytotoxic activity in other malignant cell lines including NCI-H929 myeloma cells and NB-4 acute promyelocytic leukemia(More)
The cytotoxic mechanism of action of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) was examined using murine L929 fibrosarcoma cells in vitro. Two cell lines were evaluated: parental TNF sensitive (L929S) (50% cytotoxic concentration, 2-6 ng/ml); and TNF resistant (L929R) (50% cytotoxic concentration, greater than 10,000 ng/ml). The latter resistant cell line was developed(More)
Lymphoma cells are subject to higher levels of oxidative stress compared with their normal counterparts and may be vulnerable to manipulations of the cellular redox balance. We therefore designed a phase 2 study of imexon (Amplimexon/NSC-714597), a prooxidant molecule, in patients with relapsed/refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Imexon was(More)
Cumulative cardiotoxicity consistently limits the use of antitumor anthracyclines such as doxorubicin (DOX). Several in vivo and in vitro model systems have been developed for screening cardiotoxic agents. Problems with these models include excessive time and nonquantitative toxicity end points. We describe an in vitro system for culturing cardiac myocytes(More)
Male DBA2 mice were given 10(6) P-388 leukaemic cells i.p. and cimetidine (CMT) at 100 mg/kg 1 day for 10 days, or as a single 100 mg/kg injection 30 min before cyclophosphamide (CTX). CMT significantly prolonged the survival of groups of mice receiving 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg of CTX 3 days after tumour inoculation. Median survival increased by 5.5 days (P(More)
Verapamil reversed resistance to doxorubicin in a human multiple myeloma cell line selected for multiple drug resistance. The drug-resistant cell line 8226/DOX40 is known to have reduced intracellular drug accu mulation associated with the overexpression of P-glycoprotein when compared to the sensitive parent cell line 8226/S. Verapamil alone was minimally(More)
The side effects of cancer chemotherapeutic agents such as mitoxantrone (MIT) in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients justify the search for less toxic drugs. Ethonafide is an anthracene-based antineoplastic drug similar to MIT. With reference to MIT, we examined the effect of ethonafide on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in C57BL/6 mice, an(More)