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Green tea has been shown to exhibit cancer-preventive activities in preclinical studies. Its principal active components include epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), epigallocatechin (EGC), epicatechin (EC), and epicatechin gallate, of which EGCG is the most abundant and possesses the most potent antioxidative activity. We performed a Phase I pharmacokinetic(More)
PURPOSE Green tea and green tea polyphenols have been shown to possess cancer preventive activities in preclinical model systems. In preparation for future green tea intervention trials, we have conducted a clinical study to determine the safety and pharmacokinetics of green tea polyphenols after 4 weeks of daily p.o. administration of epigallocatechin(More)
Mitoxantrone cardiotoxicity was investigated in isolated neonatal rat heart myocytes treated for 3 h in the presence or absence of the metal chelator ICRF-187. Electron microscopy studies of mitoxantrone-treated myocytes showed disorganized myofibrillar structures, swollen mitochondria, and extensive vacuolization. Cardiotoxicity, reflected as the ratio of(More)
UNLABELLED OBJECTIVE--To determine the efficacy of short-term administration of a synthetic analogue of alpha-melanotropin, [Nle4D-Phe7] (NDP)-alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH), in darkening (tanning) human skin. DESIGN--Randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial. SETTING--Clinical research unit of a university medical center.(More)
The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib (also known as PS-341/Velcade) is a dipeptidyl boronic acid that has recently been approved for use in patients with multiple myeloma. Bortezomib inhibits the activity of the 26S proteasome and induces cell death in a variety of tumor cells; however, the mechanism of cytotoxicity is not well understood. In this report,(More)
PURPOSE To determine the toxicities and maximum-tolerated dose of cyclosporine (CsA) administered with daunorubicin as a modulator of multidrug resistance (MDR) in acute leukemia, and to evaluate response to treatment and its relationship to mdr1 gene expression. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with poor-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) received sequential(More)
BACKGROUND Retinoids enhance differentiation of most epithelial tissues. Epidemiologic studies have shown an inverse relationship between dietary intake or serum levels of vitamin A and the development of cervical dysplasia and/or cervical cancer. Pilot and phase I investigations demonstrated the feasibility of the local delivery of all-trans-retinoic acid(More)
The incidence of skin cancer (both melanoma and non-melanoma) continues to grow at an alarming rate. Our chemoprevention strategies include the development of novel agents evaluated by (1) preclinical mechanistic studies in models of ultraviolet (UV) radiation-induced skin carcinogenesis; (2) clinical studies of immunohistochemical surrogate endpoint(More)
The prevention and/or suppression of preneoplastic foci in animals has been convincingly demonstrated with the use of a variety of compounds, including retinoids. We report here a phase I/II trial of beta-trans-retinoic acid delivered via a collagen sponge/diaphragm insert for neoplasia of the cervix. Eighteen patients with biopsy-proved grades 2 and 3(More)
The antitumor antibiotic mitomycin C (MMC) was studied in vitro using L1210 leukemia and 8226 human myeloma cells. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by colony formation in soft agar, and DNA damage was analyzed using alkaline elution filter assays. The purposes of these studies were: (a) to characterize the time course of MMC-DNA damage; (b) to characterize the(More)