Robert T. C. Brownlee

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The in vitro function of six tissue valves from four manufacturers has been assessed. One porcine bioprosthesis (Carpentier-Edwards supra-annular) and five pericardial valves (Edwards, Hancock, Ionescu-Shiley, Ionescu-Shiley low-profile, and Mitral Medical Mitroflow) were tested. Valve function was measured in a pulse duplicator simulating conditions of(More)
The stereochemical course of hydrolysis of Laminaria digitata laminarin and barley (1-->3, 1-->4)-beta-glucan by barley (1-->3)-beta-glucanase (E.C. isoenzyme GII and (1-->3, 1-->4)-beta-glucanase (EC isoenzyme EII, respectively, has been determined by 1H-NMR. Both enzymes catalyse hydrolysis with retention of anomeric configuration(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY The bileaflet St. Jude Medical mechanical prosthesis has been implanted for over 20 years. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of the bileaflet CarboMedics (CM) prosthesis, which was introduced in 1986. METHODS The CM prosthesis was implanted in 1,258 patients (709 males, 549 females; mean age(More)
The streptogramins are antibiotics which act by binding two different components at separate nearby sites on the bacterial 50S ribosome, inhibiting protein synthesis. The first component, a macrolactone, is common to many of the streptogramin antibiotics and, thus, is referred to by many names including virginiamycin M1(VM1), pristinamycin IIA, ostreogrycin(More)
Lipid emulsions consisting of a surface monolayer of phospholipid enclosing a core of neutral lipids have been prepared by repeated extrusion through polycarbonate filters of defined pore size. Particle size, as measured by photon correlation spectroscopy, decreases on successive passes through a 100 nm filter, reaching a near constant value (130-150 nm)(More)
A disulphide-constrained peptide that binds to the low affinity Fc receptor, FcgammaRIIa (CD32) has been identified and its structure solved by NMR. Linear (7-mer and 12-mer) and disulphide-constrained (7-mer) phage display peptide libraries were panned on recombinant soluble FcgammaRIIa genetically fused to HSA (HSA-FcgammaRIIa). Peptides were isolated(More)
The molecular mechanics-Poisson-Boltzmann surface area (MM-PBSA) and MM-generalized-Born surface area (MM-GBSA) approaches are commonly used in molecular modeling and drug design. Four critical aspects of these approaches have been investigated for their effect on calculated binding energies: (1) the atomic partial charge method used to parameterize the(More)