Robert T. C. Brownlee

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The extracellular fungal polysaccharide, epiglucan, synthesised by Epicoccum nigrum is a side-chain/branched (1 --> 3;1 --> 6)-D-beta-glucan. Methylation analysis, 13C DEPT NMR and specific enzymic digestion data show slight variation in branching frequency among the epiglucans from the three strains examined. The (1 --> 3)-beta-linked backbone has (1 -->(More)
In a previous article [Carbohydr. Res.2001, 331, 163-171] two different structures for the possible modular repeating unit of the extracellular beta-glucan, epiglucan produced by the fungus Epicoccum nigrum strain F19 were proposed. Clarifying which was the more likely one was considered essential before attempts were made to understand how epiglucan was(More)
The stereochemical course of hydrolysis of Laminaria digitata laminarin and barley (1-->3, 1-->4)-beta-glucan by barley (1-->3)-beta-glucanase (E.C. isoenzyme GII and (1-->3, 1-->4)-beta-glucanase (EC isoenzyme EII, respectively, has been determined by 1H-NMR. Both enzymes catalyse hydrolysis with retention of anomeric configuration(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY The bileaflet St. Jude Medical mechanical prosthesis has been implanted for over 20 years. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of the bileaflet CarboMedics (CM) prosthesis, which was introduced in 1986. METHODS The CM prosthesis was implanted in 1,258 patients (709 males, 549 females; mean age(More)
The molecular mechanics-Poisson-Boltzmann surface area (MM-PBSA) and MM-generalized-Born surface area (MM-GBSA) approaches are commonly used in molecular modeling and drug design. Four critical aspects of these approaches have been investigated for their effect on calculated binding energies: (1) the atomic partial charge method used to parameterize the(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to carry out a current assessment of the Mitroflow pericardial bioprosthesis (model 11) according to the durability of the prosthesis after 15 years in patients aged 60 years or older. METHODS This bioprosthesis was implanted in 161 patients (mean age 69.5 +/- 6.3 years; range 60 - 94 years) undergoing aortic valve(More)
The performance of a three leaflet pericardial heart valve over a range of sizes in both the aortic and mitral position has been assessed in vitro. A pulse duplicator was used to test valves under conditions simulating normal and abnormal cardiac rhythms. The forward and regurgitant flow energy loss across each valve has been added to give an overall(More)
A hydromechanical simulator of the human left heart and systemic circulation system has been built for evaluating the dynamic actions of mitral valve prostheses. The facility includes a transparent and compliant model ventricle pumping into a simulation of the systemic circulation impedance. Transparent materials permit detailed high speed photography of(More)
The performance of five prosthetic mitral valves (Ionescu-Shiley, Hancock, Carpentier-Edwards, Starr-Edwards, and Björk-Shiley), all of the same nominal size (29 mm), has been assessed in a hydromechanical simulation of the left heart at three pulse rates. The mean and maximum transvalvular pressure differences, the observed and/or calculated area, and the(More)