Learn More
The first step in the colonization of the human urinary tract by pathogenic Escherichia coli is the mannose-sensitive binding of FimH, the adhesin present at the tip of type 1 pili, to the bladder epithelium. We elucidated crystallographically the interactions of FimH with D-mannose. The unique site binding pocket occupied by D-mannose was probed using(More)
PicoGreen is a fluorescent probe that binds dsDNA and forms a highly luminescent complex when compared to the free dye in solution. This unique probe is widely used in DNA quantitation assays but has limited application in biophysical analysis of DNA and DNA-protein systems due to limited knowledge pertaining to its physical properties and characteristics(More)
Escherichia coli FimH adhesin mediates binding to the bladder mucosa. In mice, a FimH vaccine protects against bacterial challenge. In this study, 4 monkeys were inoculated with 100 microgram of FimCH adhesin-chaperone complex mixed with MF59 adjuvant, and 4 monkeys were given adjuvant only intramuscularly. After 2 doses (day 0 and week 4), a booster at 48(More)
The Fc (crystallizable fragment) region of therapeutic antibodies can have an important role in their safety and efficacy. Although much is known about the structure-activity relationship of antibodies and the factors that influence Fc effector functions, a process has not yet been defined to clearly delineate how Fc functionality should be assessed and(More)
PicoGreen (PG) is a fluorescent probe for both double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) detection and quantification based on its ability to form a luminescent complex with dsDNA as compared with the free dye in solution. To expand the sensitivity of PG detection, we have studied the spectral properties of PG, both free and in complex with DNA in solution, when the(More)
In this paper we provide both a theoretical and experimental analysis of the sensitivity of a DNA quantitation assay using a fluorescent chromophore which non-covalently binds dsDNA. It is well-known that the range of DNA concentrations available for fluorescence quantitation depends on the concentration of the chromophore, its affinity for nucleic acids,(More)
In this study, we have investigated the fluorescence properties of SYBR Green I (SG) dye and its interaction with double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). SG/dsDNA complexes were studied using various spectroscopic techniques, including fluorescence resonance energy transfer and time-resolved fluorescence techniques. It is shown that SG quenching in the free state has(More)
Ethidium bromide (EB) is a commonly used probe for fluorescence detection and quantification of nucleic acids, since EB forms a highly luminescent complex with dsDNA. Typical detection sensitivity of EB-based assays to dsDNA in solution is about 0.1 lg. With the aim to increase the sensitivity of EB assays we have employed the Metal-Enhanced Fluorescence(More)
The process of discovering new drugs has been extremely costly and slow in the last decades despite enormous investment in pharmaceutical research. Drug repurposing enables researchers to speed up the process of discovering other conditions that existing drugs can effectively treat, with low cost and fast FDA approval. Here, we introduce 'RE:fine Drugs', a(More)