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Advance directives have not fulfilled their promise of facilitating decisions about end-of-life care for incompetent patients. Many legal requirements and restrictions concerning advance directives are counterproductive. Requirements for witnessing or notarizing advance directives make it difficult for patients to complete a written directive during a(More)
LLEN Roche, a 24-year-old technician at the Johns Hopkins Asthma and Allergy Center and a healthy volunteer in a study of asthma funded by the National Institutes of Health, died on June 2, 2001. Prompted by Roche's death, the federal Office for Human Research Protections reviewed the system at the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions for protecting research(More)