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Human adenocarcinoma (AC) is the most frequently diagnosed human lung cancer, and its absolute incidence is increasing dramatically. Compared to human lung AC, the A/J mouse-urethane model exhibits similar histological appearance and molecular changes. We examined the gene expression profiles of human and murine lung tissues (normal or AC) and compared the(More)
RATIONALE Impaired endothelial cell-dependent vasodilation, inflammation, apoptosis, and proliferation are manifestations of endothelial dysfunction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Prostacyclin (PGI(2)) is a major product of the cyclooxygenase pathway with potent vasodilatory and antimitogenic properties and may be relevant to endothelial(More)
Pharmacological activators of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) inhibit growth of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines in vitro and in xenograft models. Because these agents engage off-target pathways, we have assessed the effects of PPARgamma by overexpressing the protein in NSCLC cells. We reported previously that(More)
Serum amyloid A (SAA) is a plasma apolipoprotein produced by the liver in response to inflammatory stimuli. The murine SAA gene family is made up of three genes, SAA1, SAA2, and SAA3, plus a pseudogene. The SAA1 and SAA2 genes are highly homologous while the SAA3 gene has diverged substantially from the other two genes. Using small fragments from the cloned(More)
Major changes in the mRNA population of murine liver occur after administration of bacterial lipopolysaccharide, an agent that causes increases in the concentrations of acute-phase serum proteins. The mRNA for one of these, serum amyloid A, is increased at least 500-fold compared to the normal level. It becomes one of the most abundant hepatic mRNAs, and(More)
Most patients with familial pulmonary arterial hypertension (FPAH) carry mutations in the bone morphogenic protein receptor 2 gene (BMPR2). Yet carriers have only a 20% risk of disease, suggesting that other factors influence penetrance. Thrombospondin-1 (TSP1) regulates activation of TGF-β and inhibits endothelial and smooth muscle cell proliferation,(More)
Site-directed mutagenesis has been used to replace Tyr-88 at the dimer interface of the N-terminal domain of lambda repressor with cysteine. Computer model building had suggested that this substitution would allow formation of an intersubunit disulfide without disruption of the dimer structure [Pabo, C. O., & Suchanek, E. G. (1986) Biochemistry (preceding(More)
Deletion of chromosomally inserted gene sequences from Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis, a xylem-inhabiting endophyte, was studied in vitro and in planta. We found that nonreplicating plasmid pCG610, which conferred resistance to kanamycin and tetracycline and contained segments of C. xyli subsp. cynodontis genomic DNA, integrated into a homologous(More)
Sepsis-related acute kidney injury (AKI) is the leading cause of AKI in intensive care units. Endotoxin is a primary initiator of inflammatory and hemodynamic consequences of sepsis and is associated with experimental AKI. The present study was undertaken to further examine the role of the endothelium, specifically prostacyclin (PGI(2)), in the pathogenesis(More)
Serum amyloid A (SAA) is an apolipoprotein produced by the liver in response to inflammation; the levels of SAA mRNA and SAA protein increase at least 500-fold within 24 h. We have obtained clones of all three genes and pseudogene that make up the murine SAA gene family. Two of the genes have 96% sequence homology over their entire length, including introns(More)