Robert Stalnaker

Learn More
The possibilities we consider or eliminate in inquiry are epistemic possibilities. This disser-tation is mainly about what it is to say or believe that something is possible in this sense. Chapter 1 ('Epistemic Contradictions') describes a new puzzle about epistemic modals and uses it to explore their logic and semantics. Chapter 2 ('Nonfactualism about(More)
We examine several formulations of the common practice of jumping to conclusions when actions demand decisions but solid knowledge fails. This practice permeates artificial intelligence, where systems assume many conclusions automatically as defaults simply because the questions they decide are known to occur frequently, and where other assumptions are(More)
A lot of very sophisticated formal machinery has been developed and deployed in the past fifteen years or so by linguists, lo-gicians and computer scientists for the study of contexts and the discourses that take place in them: situation semantics and discourse representation theory, update or context change semantics, dynamic predicate logic and dynamic(More)
My dissertation investigates two questions from within a partial belief framework: First, when and how should deference to experts or other information sources be qualified? Second, how closely is epistemology related to other philosophical fields, such as metaphysics, ethics, and decision theory? Chapter 1 discusses David Lewis's "Big Bad Bug", an argument(More)
This thesis consists of three essays in the philosophy of mind. Essay 1 contains an argument against functionalist theories of consciousness. The argument exploits an intuition to the effect that parts of an individual's brain (or of whatever else might realize the individual's mental states, processes, etc.) that are not in use at a time t, can have no(More)