Robert Soussignan

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During social interaction, both participants are continuously active, each modifying their own actions in response to the continuously changing actions of the partner. This continuous mutual adaptation results in interactional synchrony to which both members contribute. Freely exchanging the role of imitator and model is a well-framed example of(More)
Responses of awake and asleep 3-day-old human neonates were recorded to the presentation of artificial (vanillin, butyric acid, formula milks) and biological (breast milk, amniotic fluid) odorants matched on subjective intensity and trigeminal dimensions. The responses included behavioral (facial and oral movements) and autonomic (respiration, differential(More)
Olfactory responsiveness was assessed in 24 neonates born to mothers who had or had not consumed anise flavour during pregnancy. Both groups of infants were followed-up for behavioural markers of attraction and aversion when exposed to anise odour and a control odour immediately after birth and on day 4. Infants born to anise-consuming mothers evinced a(More)
Gaze aversion could be a central component of the physiopathology of social phobia. The emotions of the people interacting with a person with social phobia seem to model this gaze aversion. Our research consists of testing gaze aversion in subjects with social phobia compared to control subjects in different emotional faces of men and women using an eye(More)
This study examined the modulatory function of Duchenne and non-Duchenne smiles on subjective and autonomic components of emotion. Participants were asked to hold a pencil in their mouth to either facilitate or inhibit smiles and were not instructed to contract specific muscles. Five conditions--namely lips pressing, low-level non-Duchenne smiling,(More)
BACKGROUND The association of male pubertal testosterone with social dominance and physical aggression was studied in a population sample of boys followed from age 6 to 13 years to understand the origin of the links between violent behavior and gonadal hormones. METHOD Physical aggression was assessed from the end of kindergarten to the end of elementary(More)
Though it has been suggested that hedonic processing is altered in anorexia nervosa (AN), few studies have used objective measures to assess affective processes in this eating disorder. Accordingly, we investigated facial electromyographic, autonomic and subjective reactivity to the smell and sight of food and non-food stimuli, and assessed more(More)
Brain correlates of the sense of agency have recently received increased attention. However, the explorations remain largely restricted to the study of brains in isolation. The prototypical paradigm used so far consists of manipulating visual perception of own action while asking the subject to draw a distinction between self- versus externally caused(More)
Two-day-old newborns were videotaped during a double-choice test contrasting the odours of their amniotic fluid (AF) and of a control stimulus. To control for early motor asymmetries, the lateral position of both stimuli was balanced both between and within subjects. On average, neonates oriented their nose for a significantly longer duration toward the(More)
Research conducted on empathy and emotional recognition in sex offenders is contradictory. The present study was aimed to clarify this issue by controlling for some affective and social variables (depression, anxiety, and social desirability) that are presumed to influence emotional and empathic measures, using a staged multicomponent model of empathy.(More)