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OBJECTIVES (1) To determine the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in pregnant women in Burkina Faso. (2) To evaluate the potential of clinical management of STDs based on screening with clinical data and urine leucocyte esterase test (LET). METHODS Cross sectional study among antenatal clinic attendees was conducted in 1994 in Ouagadougou(More)
BACKGROUND It is important for HIV/AIDS control programmes to determine population knowledge on AIDS in order to develop appropriate Information, Education and Communication (IEC) messages. The objectives of our study were to determine the seroprevalence of HIV and syphilis among pregnant women, female prostitutes and long-distance truck drivers and to(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the feasibility and the relevance of the implementation of an alternative technique to flow cytometry (FC) for enumerating CD4 T cells (Dynabeads; Dynal Biotech, Oslo, Norway), based on quantifying CD4 T cells by epifluorescent microscopy following their isolation using anti-CD4 monoclonal antibody-coated magnetic beads. DESIGN(More)
Little information is available regarding human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among female sex workers (FSW) in Burkina Faso, West Africa. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Ouagadougou and Bobo-Dioulasso, the 2 largest cities of the country, to determine the prevalence of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among(More)
Truck drivers are a well recognized high risk population for sexually transmitted diseases. Prior to start-up of a health care program and an information/education campaign, a cross-sectional study using the unlinked, anonymous screening method was carried out to assess seroprevalence of HIV and syphilis infections in truck drivers in Bobo Dioulasso,(More)
To determine the efficacy of enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) for antibodies against HIV-1 in detecting HIV-2-infected blood, we tested 55 HIV-2-positive sera with seven Food and Drug Administration-licensed EIA kits. The percentage detection of HIV-2 sera giving positive reactions with these kits varied between the various manufacturers from 60 to 91%.(More)
To determine the prevalence of HIV infection among pregnant women in Burkina Faso and to identify factors associated with HIV infection in this population, we performed in 4 antenatal clinics in 4 urban centres located in the centre, the north, the east and the south-west of the country cross-sectional serological surveys between 7 October 1994 and 7(More)
Reported are the results of a cross-sectional survey in Burkina Faso to identify reliable, practical strategies for the serological diagnosis of HIV-1 and/or HIV-2 infections, using less-expensive commercial test kits in various combinations, as an alternative to the conventional Western blot (WB) test, which costs US$ 60. Serum samples, collected from(More)
In this study, we investigated the causes of death and the factors associated with mortality in a cohort of patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Burkina Faso, an African country with limited resources. This retrospective cohort study included patients aged 15 years and older who started HAART for the first time between January(More)
Mother-to-child transmission remains the main cause of global pediatric HIV infections, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Many interventions based on single-dose antiretroviral therapy have been implemented to reduce the mother-to-child transmission of HIV. In resource-limited settings, highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has only been recommended(More)