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Given the immanent gene expression mapping covering whole genomes during development, health and disease, we seek computational methods to maximize functional inference from such large data sets. Is it possible, in principle, to completely infer a complex regulatory network architecture from input/output patterns of its variables? We investigated this(More)
We used reverse transcription-coupled PCR to produce a high-resolution temporal map of fluctuations in mRNA expression of 112 genes during rat central nervous system development, focusing on the cervical spinal cord. The data provide a temporal gene expression "fingerprint" of spinal cord development based on major families of inter- and intracellular(More)
Postmortem analysis of brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) has led to diverse theories about the causes of the pathology, suggesting that this complex disease involves multiple physiological changes. In an effort to better understand the variety and integration of these changes, we generated a gene expression profile for AD brain. Comparing(More)
The discovery of any new gene requires an analysis of the expression context for that gene. Now that the cDNA and genomic sequencing projects are progressing at such a rapid rate, high throughput gene expression screening approaches are beginning to appear to take advantage of that data. We present a strategy for the analysis for large-scale quantitative(More)
Relatively little is known about the development of GABAA receptor subunits and their gene expression in mammalian spinal cord. The expression of mRNAs encoding 13 GABAA receptor subunits (alpha 1-6, beta 1-3, gamma 1-3, and delta) in embryonic, postnatal, and adult rat spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (DRG) cells were studied by in situ hybridization(More)
GABA (gamma-amino butyric acid), a fast-acting synaptic transmitter in the mature CNS, is synthesized from glutamate by GAD (glutamic acid decarboxylase). We have developed an ultrasensitive PCR technique to quantify the expression of GAD-related mRNAs during the development of the rat cervical spinal cord and have localized them using in situ(More)
GABA is formed primarily from decarboxylation of glutamate by a family of cytosolic and membrane-bound GAD enzymes. In the adult, GAD-derived GABA sustains the vitality of the central nervous system (CNS), since blockage of GAD rapidly leads to convulsions and death. In plants, cytosolic GAD synthesizes GABA in response to hormones and environmental stress.(More)
Development of the CNS occurs as a complex cascade of pre-programmed events involving distinct phases of cell proliferation and differentiation. Here we show these phases correlate with cells of specific buoyant densities which can be readily accessed by density gradient fractionation. Sprague-Dawley dams were pulse-labelled with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU)(More)
We conducted large scale gene expression analysis of the response of macrophages to exposure to oxidized low density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL). Much of the vessel wall lesion of atherosclerosis is composed of macrophages that have become engorged with cholesterol. These resulting "foam cells" contribute to the progression of vascular disease through several(More)