Robert Schot

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BACKGROUND Exhaled breath contains thousands of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that could serve as biomarkers of lung disease. Electronic noses can distinguish VOC mixtures by pattern recognition. OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that an electronic nose can discriminate exhaled air of patients with asthma from healthy controls, and between patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Exhaled breath contains thousands of gaseous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that may be used as non-invasive markers of lung disease. The electronic nose analyzes VOCs by composite nano-sensor arrays with learning algorithms. It has been shown that an electronic nose can distinguish the VOCs pattern in exhaled breath of lung cancer patients(More)
Exhaled nitric oxide (NO) is elevated in asthmatics, and varies with disease severity. We postulated that a respiratory virus infection increases exhaled NO levels in asthma, and examined the relationship between the virus-induced changes in exhaled NO and in airway hyperresponsiveness to histamine. In a parallel study, seven patients underwent experimental(More)
RATIONALE Deep inspirations provide physiologic protection against airway narrowing in healthy subjects, which is impaired in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Airway inflammation has been suggested to alter airway mechanics during deep inspiration. OBJECTIVES We tested the hypothesis that the number of bronchial inflammatory cells(More)
BACKGROUND Smooth muscle content is increased within the airway wall in patients with asthma and is likely to play a role in airway hyperresponsiveness. However, smooth muscle cells express several contractile and structural proteins, and each of these proteins may influence airway function distinctly. OBJECTIVE We examined the expression of contractile(More)
BACKGROUND Analysis of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) is a non-invasive method for studying the acidity (pH) of airway secretions in patients with inflammatory lung diseases. AIM To assess the reproducibility of EBC pH for two commercially available devices (portable RTube and non-portable ECoScreen) in healthy controls, patients with asthma or COPD, and(More)
The effect of combined administration of 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (24,25-(OH)2D3) and 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 (1 alpha-(OH)D3) was studied in 24 non-dialyzed patients with chronic renal insufficiency (CRI), matched pairwise as to age, sex, and creatinine clearance ( Low Ca intake had been supplemented beforehand. Then, 1 alpha-(OH)D3 (mean dose(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of asthma and atopic disease has been reported to be low in low income countries, however helminth infections are likely to be high among these communities. The question of whether helminth infections play a role in allergic diseases can best be addressed by intervention studies. None of the studies so far have been based on a(More)
Airway hyperresponsiveness is characterized by an increase in sensitivity and excessive airway narrowing to inhaled bronchoconstrictor stimuli. There is experimental evidence that maximal airway narrowing is related to lung elasticity in normal and asthmatic subjects. We hypothesized that reduced lung elasticity by parenchymal destruction increases the(More)
Alveolar nitric oxide (NO) is a measure of peripheral airway inflammation in asthma, potentially associated with disease severity. The relationship between alveolar NO and physiological tests of peripheral airway (dys)function has not been investigated. The present authors hypothesised that peripheral airway inflammation and dysfunction are inter-related(More)