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The alpha 2-adrenergic agonist clonidine has been reported to increase feeding in several species. This study evaluated the effects of clonidine (500-700 micrograms/day), administered per os, to four treatment-resistant anorexia nervosa patients in a long-term placebo-controlled crossover trial. All patients increased their body weight significantly.(More)
The authors conducted a study in which schizophrenic-like behavioral disturbances were induced in members of a macaque social colony by the chronic administration of d-amphetamine. Animals given the drug showed hypervigilance, hyperactivity, fragmented and repetitive behaviors, and progressive social withdrawal as well as the development of solitary(More)
Evidence gathered from several experiments where stimulant drugs were given to selected members of adult Stumptail macaque social colonies is presented which suggests that dopamine systems play an important part in the mediation of submissive behavior in this species. Chronic administration of d-amphetamine, 3.2 mg/kg/day, for 12 days, induced a significant(More)
The psychotomimetic substance, phencyclidine (PCP), was administered chronically to selected members of a primate social colony. PCP induced stereotyped behavior in all treated monkeys at each of three test doses. Furthermore, there was a significant increase in the amount of stereotypy seen during the second and third weeks of treatment compared to the(More)
An animal model for studying the actions of hallucinogenic drugs using primate social colonies is presented. Although hallucinogens induce a number of behavioral changes in this paradigm, one emergent behavior, limb jerks, appears to be selectively induced by three classes of hallucinogens in doses which correlate with those reported to be hallucinogenic in(More)
The effect of the α-noradrenergic receptor agonist, clonidine, on food intake and weight was examined in ten adult Stumptail macaque monkeys. An intramuscular injection of 0.1 mg/kg of clonidine HCl for seven consecutive days significantly increased food intake from baseline levels throughout treatment. All but two monkeys gained weight during clonidine(More)
The effect of six acute doses of the dopamine receptor agonist apomorphine on non-human primate social and individual behaviour was studied in a social colony of four adult Stumptail macaques. Apomorphine was administered intramuscularly to 2 monkeys/day in doses ranging from 0.05 to 3.00 mg kg-1 15 min bfefore a 1 h observation period. Apomorphine induced(More)
BMY 14802 was identified as a potential antipsychotic drug in traditional model systems, and this identification was confirmed in modern behavioral and electrophysiological systems. The drug appears to be atypical as an antipsychotic in its lack of activity in models predictive of the potential to produce extrapyramidal side effects and tardive dyskinesia.(More)
Three selected members of a stable juvenile primate social colony of six, peer-raised, one-year old Stumptail macaques received 0.5 mq/kg of d-amphetamine sulfate daily for four weeks. Amphetamine significantly reduced play activity to a minimum in the treated monkeys throughout the treatment period. These animals preferred huddling with eyes open, although(More)