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PURPOSE To determine the transverse relaxation rates R2 and R2' from several gray matter regions and from frontal cortical white matter in healthy human brains in vivo and to determine the relationship between relaxation rates and iron concentration [Fe]. MATERIALS AND METHODS Six healthy adults aged 19-42 years underwent thin-section gradient-echo(More)
Current genomic perspectives on animal diversity neglect two prominent phyla, the molluscs and annelids, that together account for nearly one-third of known marine species and are important both ecologically and as experimental systems in classical embryology. Here we describe the draft genomes of the owl limpet (Lottia gigantea), a marine polychaete(More)
Genes disrupted in schizophrenia may be revealed by de novo mutations in affected persons from otherwise healthy families. Furthermore, during normal brain development, genes are expressed in patterns specific to developmental stage and neuroanatomical structure. We identified de novo mutations in persons with schizophrenia and then mapped the responsible(More)
Since the introduction of transesophageal echocar-diography (TEE) to the operating room in the early 1980s, 1-4 its effectiveness as a clinical monitor to assist in the hemodynamic management of patients during general anesthesia and its reliability to make intraoperative diagnoses during cardiac operations has been well established. 5-26 In recognition of(More)
Lzf1 and Lzf2 are leech zinc finger (Lzf) genes that are shown to be orthologues to the Drosophila gap gene hunchback (hb). Neither in situ hybridization nor RT-PCR detected Lzf1 transcripts in leech embryos or adults. Lzf2 expression was examined in leech embryos at various stages by in situ hybridization. Lzf2 is expressed continually throughout the early(More)
We are interested in identifying the regulatory genes involved in segmental pattern formation in annelids. The Drosophila segmentation gene hunchback (hb) is critical for the proper anteroposterior development of the fly embryo, but its function outside the diptera is currently unknown. Here, the protein expression pattern of Leech Zinc Finger II (LZF2), a(More)
BACKGROUND Herpes virus infections can cause cognitive impairment during and after acute encephalitis. Although chronic, latent/persistent infection is considered to be relatively benign, some studies have documented cognitive impairment in exposed persons that is untraceable to encephalitis. These studies were conducted among schizophrenia (SZ) patients or(More)
OBJECTIVE Neurocognitive impairments in schizophrenia are well replicated and widely regarded as candidate endophenotypes that may facilitate understanding of schizophrenia genetics and pathophysiology. The Project Among African-Americans to Explore Risks for Schizophrenia (PAARTNERS) aims to identify genes underlying liability to schizophrenia. The(More)
Immediate recall and three measures of delayed memory performance were evaluated in 134 healthy adults aged 16-76. Gender of subjects had no Influence on performance for any of the acquisition or retention trials. Age influenced acquisition as memory load began to exceed five to six words, with older subjects exhibiting decreased capacity. There was little(More)
The Project among African-Americans to Explore Risks for Schizophrenia (PAARTNERS) is a multi-site, NIMH-funded study that seeks to identify genetic polymorphisms that confer susceptibility to schizophrenia among African-Americans by linkage mapping and targeted association analyses. Because deficits in certain dimensions of cognitive ability are thought to(More)