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The tear film is complex and is rich in both peptides and proteins. Physiological factors have been shown to alter the balance of the protein components in the tear film, however, little is known of the precise stimuli that initiate these changes, or their nature and extent. Attention has been directed at the role of tear proteins in the protection of the(More)
To investigate the tear film in the closed eye, microliter tear samples were collected without overt reflex stimulation throughout the diurnal cycle, with closed eye samples recovered immediately upon eye opening. Samples were subjected to agarose, polyacrylamide, and two-dimensional electrophoresis, coupled with immunofixation, immunoblot, and lectin blot(More)
We have previously shown that human tear fluid protects corneal epithelial cells against Pseudomonas aeruginosa in vitro and in vivo and that protection does not depend upon tear bacteriostatic activity. We sought to identify the responsible tear component(s). The hypothesis tested was that collectins (collagenous calcium-dependent lectins) were involved.(More)
Overnight eye closure induces a shift in the nature and composition of the tear film, from a dynamic reflex tear-rich to a stagnant secretory IgA-rich layer. This is accompanied by the induction of a state of sub-clinical inflammation, as evidenced by increases in albumin levels, plasminogen activation, conversion of complement C3 to C3c, and the(More)
PURPOSE To adapt membrane-bound antibody array (MA) technology to characterize the distribution of a wide range of bioactive trace proteins in reflex (RTF) and open-eye (OTF) and closed-eye (CTF) tear samples. METHODS Tears were collected by capillary tube and centrifuged. A commercially available standard MA and a custom array were modified to maximize(More)
The in-situ lens-bound protein layer (LBPL) was characterized on hydrogels of varying water content and ionic-binding capacity. The LBPL proved to be critically dependent on the ionic binding capacity of a given hydrogel. On nonionic polymers the LBPL invariably was thin and largely insoluble. Histochemical staining allowed the detection of all major types(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was aimed at obtaining a profile of lipids and proteins with a paracrine function in normal and diabetic vitreous and exploring whether the profile correlates with retinal pathology. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Vitreous was recovered from 47 individuals undergoing vitreoretinal surgery: 16 had nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy(More)
PURPOSE Many bioactive proteins including cytokines are reported to increase in dry eye disease although the specific profile and concentration of inflammatory mediators varies considerably from study to study. In part, this variability results from inherent difficulties in quantifying low abundance proteins in a limited sample volume using relatively low(More)
Scratching is a symptom of many dermatological disorders, especially atopic dermatitis. For the development of anti-itch medications, there is a need for objective measures of scratching. Wrist actigraphy (monitoring wrist and hand movements with micro-accelerometers) is a promising method for assessing scratching; however, currently available technology(More)
To develop a method of the assay of chemokine and cytokine signaling in synovial fluid from patients suffering from osteoarthritis (OA) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and evaluate the effect of heterophilic antibodies on the reliability of the data. 21 synovial fluid samples from OA and 16 synovial fluid samples from RA patients were analyzed using a unique 2(More)