Robert S. Youngquist

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The objective of this study was to investigate changes in expression of mRNAs encoding FSH receptor (FSHr), LH receptor (LHr), cytochrome P450 side-chain cleavage (P450(scc)), cytochrome P450 17alpha-hydroxylase (P450(c17)), and cytochrome P450 aromatase (P450(arom)) during recruitment and selection of bovine ovarian follicles. Dairy heifers (4-5 per group)(More)
The objective was to compare ovarian steroids and expression of mRNAs encoding cytochrome P450 side-chain cleavage, cytochrome P450 17 alpha-hydroxylase, cytochrome P450 aromatase, 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase Delta(4),Delta(5) isomerase, LH, and FSH receptors and estrogen receptor-beta in ovaries of cows with dominant and nondominant ovarian(More)
It is generally accepted that ovarian follicular cysts (cysts) are nonovulatory follicular structures that contribute to extended calving intervals. Follicle/cyst dynamics and the etiology of cysts are unclear. The present study was conducted to characterize follicle/cyst dynamics and to define endocrine changes (etiology) associated with cyst development.(More)
Blood and uterine concentrations of GH and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I are correlated with improved fertility in cattle. We tested incremental doses of a 14-d sustained release recombinant bovine GH (rbGH) to increase blood GH and IGF-I (Experiments 1 and 2). Conception rate after administration of an optimized rbGH dose was also tested (Experiment(More)
The present studies were conducted to evaluate whether apoptosis occurs during spontaneous and prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha)-induced luteolysis and, if so, to determine the relationship between the onset of luteolysis and oligonucleosome formation (a characteristic of apoptosis). In the first study, nine normally cycling heifers were ovariectomized(More)
The objective of the present study was to characterize expression of mRNAs encoding FSH and LH receptors during follicular development and at different stages of the first follicular wave in cattle. Following estrus, groups of heifers (3-5 per group) were ovariectomized on the day of initiation of the first follicular wave (as determined by ultrasonography;(More)
Our objective was to determine the accuracy of identifying noncycling lactating dairy cows before the application of a timed artificial insemination (AI) protocol [with or without progesterone supplementation via a controlled internal drug-release (CIDR) insert and 2 different timings of AI] by using heatmount detectors and a single ovarian ultrasound(More)
Transcription profiling of ovarian follicles. Understanding the mechanisms by which a single follicle is selected for further ovulation is important to control fertility in mammals. However, development of new treatments is limited by our poor understanding of molecular mechanisms regulating follicular selection. Our hypothesis is that genes involved in the(More)
A decrease in insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding protein (BP) amount occurs within the follicular fluid of dominant ovarian follicles. At the same time, concentrations of follicular fluid IGF-I do not change. The mRNA for IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3, in dominant and subordinate follicles were measured to determine if changes in IGF or IGFBP(More)
Two experiments were conducted to (1) investigate developmental endocrinology of ovarian follicular cysts (cysts) in cattle and (2) evaluate effects of cysts on hypothalamic and hypophysial characteristics. Cysts were induced with oestradiol-17 beta (15 mg) and progesterone (37.5 mg) dissolved in alcohol and injected s.c. twice daily for 7 days. Cysts were(More)