Robert S. Yamamoto

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Tissue hypoxia following hemorrhage and trauma is a possible initiating factor of the generalized inflammatory response seen after shock. The role of hypoxia in the release from a human monocyte cell line (THP-1) of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) and its soluble membrane receptors (TNF alpha R) in-vitro is investigated in this study. Flat-bottom(More)
The postsynaptic molecule gephyrin is involved in clustering neurotransmitter receptors. To test for protein variants that correspond to alternatively spliced gephyrin mRNAs, antibodies were made against 1) an amino-terminal domain of gephyrin (GN(N)) and 2) its invariant carboxy-terminus (GN(C)). Both antibodies recognized an antigen with the expected(More)
Nineteen patients with recurrent high grade gliomas were treated in a phase I/II trial with aggressive debulking of the tumor, mitogen activated IL-2 stimulated peripheral blood lymphocytes (MAK cells), and rIL-2. Phytohemagglutin (PHA) was introduced into the tumor site in 16 patients prior to implanting MAK cells and IL-2 in an attempt to trigger more(More)
We demonstrate that tumor necrosis factor (TNF) has a biphasic effect on the growth of the human endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line AN3 CA in vitro. Low levels (0.2-5 pg/ml) of TNF were moderately growth stimulatory (up to 20% enhancement), while levels over 100 pg were growth inhibitory (up to 45% inhibition). Northern blot analysis showed expression of(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a soluble protein that causes damage to tumor cells but has no effect on normal cells. Human TNF was purified to apparent homogeneity as a 17.3-kilodalton protein from HL-60 leukemia cells and showed cytotoxic and cytostatic activities against various human tumor cell lines. The amino acid sequence was determined for the amino(More)
Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) genomic sequences were isolated from a rice (Oryza sativa L.) genomic library using a PCR-amplified rice PAL DNA fragment as a probe. There is a small family of PAL genes in the rice genome. The nucleotide sequence of one PAL gene, ZB8, was determined. The ZB8 gene is 4660 bp in length and consists of two exons and one(More)
Human fibroblast interferon has three cysteine residues, located at amino acid positions 17, 31, and 141. Using the technique of site-specific mutagenesis with a synthetic oligonucleotide primer, we changed the codon for cysteine-17 to a codon for serine. The resulting interferon, IFN-beta Ser-17, retains the antiviral, natural killer cell activation, and(More)
Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBM) from normal donors and patients with recurrent glioma were activated initially for 48-72 h with phytohemagglutinin-P (PHA) and recombinant human interleukin-2 (IL-2), and then proliferated in vitro for up to 5 months with IL-2. These cells are termed mitogen-stimulated lymphokine-activated T killer (T-LAK) cells. We(More)
Polyclonal antibodies against specific carboxy-terminal sequences of known alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) receptor subunits (GluR-4) were used to screen regional homogenates and subcellular fractions from rat brain. Affinity purified anti-GluR1 (against amino acids 877-899), anti-GluR2/3 (850-862), and anti-GluR4a and(More)