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Polyclonal antibodies against specific carboxy-terminal sequences of known alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) receptor subunits (GluR-4) were used to screen regional homogenates and subcellular fractions from rat brain. Affinity purified anti-GluR1 (against amino acids 877-899), anti-GluR2/3 (850-862), and anti-GluR4a and(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a soluble protein that causes damage to tumor cells but has no effect on normal cells. Human TNF was purified to apparent homogeneity as a 17.3-kilodalton protein from HL-60 leukemia cells and showed cytotoxic and cytostatic activities against various human tumor cell lines. The amino acid sequence was determined for the amino(More)
Peptoids differ from peptides in that peptoids are composed of N-substituted rather than alpha-carbon-substituted glycine units. In this paper we report the in vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities of several antibacterial peptoids discovered by screening combinatorial chemistry libraries for bacterial growth inhibition. In vitro, the peptoid CHIR29498(More)
We demonstrate that tumor necrosis factor (TNF) has a biphasic effect on the growth of the human endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line AN3 CA in vitro. Low levels (0.2-5 pg/ml) of TNF were moderately growth stimulatory (up to 20% enhancement), while levels over 100 pg were growth inhibitory (up to 45% inhibition). Northern blot analysis showed expression of(More)
Tissue hypoxia following hemorrhage and trauma is a possible initiating factor of the generalized inflammatory response seen after shock. The role of hypoxia in the release from a human monocyte cell line (THP-1) of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) and its soluble membrane receptors (TNF alpha R) in-vitro is investigated in this study. Flat-bottom(More)
A clone of the continuous human T cell line HUT-102, termed YM 1.2, can spontaneously release alpha-LT in vitro. However, when stimulated with phorbol myristic acetate, these cells release other LT forms. These LT forms were purified to homogeneity by DEAE chromatography, column isoelectric focusing, and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. One LT form,(More)
Human fibroblast interferon has three cysteine residues, located at amino acid positions 17, 31, and 141. Using the technique of site-specific mutagenesis with a synthetic oligonucleotide primer, we changed the codon for cysteine-17 to a codon for serine. The resulting interferon, IFN-beta Ser-17, retains the antiviral, natural killer cell activation, and(More)
Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF) and Lymphotoxin (LT) can exert a wide range of effects on cells and tissues and they are important effector molecules in cell mediated immunity. All these effects are induced subsequent to the binding of these cytokines to specific membrane receptors. Recently, two of these membrane receptors of 55 and 75 kDa, have been(More)
The effects of 17 beta-estradiol (E2) on the levels of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC), and of the polyamines putrescine, spermidine and spermine in the kidneys of castrated male hamsters were determined. The i.p. injection of E2 into male hamsters led to renal ODC levels three times above the control levels 6--12 h(More)