Robert S. Woodward

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STUDY OBJECTIVES To examine how deep chest surgical site infections following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery impact hospital inpatient length of stay (LOS), costs, and mortality. SETTING A large, Midwestern community medical center. DESIGN All CABG patients who developed deep chest infection (n = 41) were compared to a set of control(More)
This study sought to determine 1) the incidence and costs of new onset diabetes mellitus (NODM) associated with maintenance immunosuppression regimens following renal transplantation and 2) whether the mode of dialysis pretransplant or the type of calcineurin inhibition used for maintenance immunosuppression affected either the incidence or cost of NODM.(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of Thymoglobulin (a rabbit-derived polyclonal antibody) to Atgam (a horse-derived polyclonal antibody) for induction in adult renal transplant recipients. METHODS Transplant recipients (n=72) were randomized 2:1 in a double-blinded fashion to receive Thymoglobulin (n=48) at 1.5 mg/kg(More)
Strictly enforced formulary restrictions for aminoglycosides, cephalosporins, and a vancomycin group generated combined savings of $2.61 (p less than 0.0046) per antibiotic day and $34,597 (p less than 0.0003) per month. Even after some cost increases (not significant) in new and other antibiotics, the program saved $1.33 (p less than 0.0175) per antibiotic(More)
Between 1993 and 1995, Medicare extended its coverage of maintenance immunosuppression medications following renal transplantation from 1 to 3 years. We hypothesized that Medicare's extension of immunosuppressive coverage would improve graft survival among low-income transplant recipients. We merged patient-level clinical data from the USRDS-distributed(More)
This paper employs classical concepts of diminishing marginal utility to demonstrate that risk-aversion can increase the perceived value of diagnostic procedures and thus raise optimum diagnostic expenditures. The theory is applied to a model in the spirit of Phelps and Mushlin's initial technology assessments. The specific evaluation is the(More)
PURPOSE Inappropriate antimicrobial use was examined among a randomly and prospectively selected cohort of patients with at least one positive result of blood cultures. This misuse was then analyzed with respect to hospital charges and length of stay (LOS). PATIENTS AND METHODS The study consisted of 70 patients (average age, 58.5 years) who had not(More)
The effect of medication-taking patterns on blood pressure was investigated in 24 hypertensive outpatients being treated with once-daily doses of hydrochlorothiazide or chlorthalidone. Medication-taking patterns were measured with a small pill dispenser that electronically records the time of medication removal. Blood pressure reduction was found to(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the economic implications for transplant centres, Medicare and society of treatment of corticosteroid-resistant Banff Grades I, II and III acute kidney transplant rejection with the antithymocyte globulins Thymoglobulin or Atgam. DESIGN AND SETTING This was a cost analysis of a randomised double-blind multicentre clinical trial(More)