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In this study the pressure wave velocity in the anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery (LADC) of the dog was measured by determining the delay time between pressure pulses along this artery. This method can only be applied if reflections of the pressure wave distal to the sites of pressure measurement are insignificant. From araldite casts(More)
It has been well established that wall shear stress is an important determinant of endothelial cell function and gene expression as well as of its structure. There is increasing evidence that low wall shear stress, as present in artery bifurcations opposite to the flow divider where atherosclerotic lesions preferentially originate, expresses an atherogenic(More)
OBJECTIVES Increased arterial stiffness is associated with cardiovascular disease. Its applicability in individual patient management, however, is limited due to lack of reliable methods. We developed a method to measure arterial stiffness by means of local pulse wave velocity (PWV), using multiple M-mode ultrasound and the dicrotic notch (PWVdn) rather(More)
One hundred and one non-diabetic and 54 diabetic patients suffering from lower limb ischaemia were divided into (i) asymptomatic subjects, (ii) claudicants, (iii) critically ischaemic patients, i.e. Fontaine III or IV patients with either an ankle pressure < 51 mmHg or a toe pressure < 31 mmHg, and (iv) Fontaine III or IV patients in whom ankle and toe(More)
BACKGROUND Arterial stiffness has been associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease in selected groups of patients. We evaluated whether arterial stiffness is a predictor of coronary heart disease and stroke in a population-based study among apparently healthy subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS The present study included 2835 subjects participating in(More)
OBJECTIVE Arterial distensibility (DC) and compliance (CC) are vessel wall properties of large arteries that can be measured non-invasively with a custom made vessel wall movement detector system (VWMDS). This study investigated the reproducibility of this device in 10 volunteers. METHODS To investigate intraobserver intrasession and intraobserver(More)
Doppler signal processing cannot only be employed to detect the local blood velocity as function of time, but also to assess transcutaneously the displacement of the arterial walls during the cardiac cycle (distension waveform) and, hence, the time-dependent changes in arterial diameter relative to its initial diameter at the start of a cardiac cycle. The(More)
Pumping power as delivered by the heart is generated by the cells in the myocardial wall. In the present model study global left-ventricular pump function as expressed in terms of cavity pressure and volume is related to local wall tissue function as expressed in terms of myocardial fiber stress and strain. On the basis of earlier studies in our laboratory,(More)
Velocity profiles were determined in rabbit mesenteric arterioles (diameter 17-32 micron). A good spatial resolution was obtained by using the blood platelets as small and natural markers of flow, providing for the first time in vivo detailed, quantitative information about the shape of the velocity profiles in microvessels. In some experiments red blood(More)