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BACKGROUND Arterial stiffness has been associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease in selected groups of patients. We evaluated whether arterial stiffness is a predictor of coronary heart disease and stroke in a population-based study among apparently healthy subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS The present study included 2835 subjects participating in(More)
Arterial stiffening plays an important role in the development of hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. The intrinsically nonlinear (ie, pressure-dependent) elastic behavior of arteries may have serious consequences for the accuracy and interpretation of arterial stiffness measurements and, ultimately, for individual patient management. We determined(More)
This article introduces a mean frequency estimator based on a radio frequency (RF) domain complex cross-correlation model (C3M). The C3M estimator differs from the real cross-correlation model (CCM) estimator in two respects; it is an unbiased estimator of blood flow velocity and/or tissue motion independent of the bandwidth of the RF ultrasound signals,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the mechanisms of reflex sympathetic dystrophy, a neuropathic pain syndrome characterized by skin blood flow abnormalities associated with sympathetic vasoconstrictor and antidromic vasodilator mechanisms, are solely of peripheral origin or have an additional spinal component and act exclusively through neural or also involve(More)
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) is a pain syndrome that is characterised by autonomic, motor and sensory disturbances. The syndrome has often been associated with sympathetic dysfunction. Therefore, we investigated whether there are disturbances in the sympathetic function of skin microcirculation in the various clinical stages of RSD. Laser Doppler(More)
Formation of a properly branched vascular system during embryogenesis is crucial for embryo survival. Here we review the regulation of the morphogenesis of the arterial and venous system during embryogenesis. We show that in addition to deterministic patterning mechanisms and plasticity of endothelial cells, arterial-venous differentiation and branching(More)
Based upon theory, wall shear stress (WSS), an important determinant of endothelial function and gene expression, has been assumed to be constant along the arterial tree and the same in a particular artery across species. In vivo measurements of WSS, however, have shown that these assumptions are far from valid. In this survey we will discuss the assessment(More)
Correlation interpolation is introduced as a method to determine the displacement of moving biological tissue on the basis of a sequence of ultrasonic echo signals. The echo signal is sampled along the echo depth with approximately 4 samples per average high frequency period. Sampling in time occurs with the pulse repetition frequency. The necessary(More)
BACKGROUND Asynchronous electrical activation, induced by ventricular pacing, causes regional differences in workload, which is lower in early- than in late-activated regions. Because the myocardium usually adapts its mass and structure to altered workload, we investigated whether ventricular pacing leads to inhomogeneous hypertrophy and whether such(More)
Long-chain fatty acids are the most important substrates for the heart. In addition, they have been shown to affect signalling pathways and gene expression. To explore the effects of long-chain fatty acids on cardiac gene expression, neonatal rat ventricular myocytes were cultured for 48 h with either glucose (10 mm), fatty acids (palmitic and oleic acid,(More)