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The phenotypic features of liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (SEC), open fenestrae in sieve plates and lack of a basement membrane, are lost with capillarization. The current study examines localization of CD31 as a marker for the dedifferentiated, nonfenestrated SEC and examines regulation of SEC phenotype in vitro. CD31 localization in SEC was examined(More)
Aging is associated with marked changes in the hepatic sinusoid, yet the effect of old age on hepatic stellate cells (HSC) has not been well described. Transmission electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry were used to study the effects of aging on HSC in livers from rats (3-4 mths versus 24-27 mths) and mice (2-3 mths versus 20-22 mths).(More)
A physiological examination of mice harboring a null allele at the aryl hydrocarbon (Ah) locus revealed that the encoded aryl hydrocarbon receptor plays a role in the resolution of fetal vascular structures during development. Although the aryl hydrocarbon receptor is more commonly studied for its role in regulating xenobiotic metabolism and dioxin(More)
The current shortage of faculty qualified to teach anatomy in U.S. medical schools is reversible. Sufficient numbers of individuals are in the pipeline to provide a future cadre of well-trained faculty members educating students in gross anatomy. The challenge is to realign departmental, institutional, and federal training grant priorities and resources,(More)
Steatosis is a major risk factor for complications after liver surgery. Since neutrophil cytotoxicity is critical for ischemia-reperfusion injury in normal livers, the aim of the present study was to evaluate whether an exaggerated inflammatory response could cause the increased injury in steatotic livers. In C57Bl/6 mice, 60 min of warm hepatic ischemia(More)
To determine if hemodynamic changes in cerebral microvessels could contribute to the age-related changes in the blood-brain barrier (BBB) function, the cerebral microvessels of male Fischer 344 rats at different ages were studied using intravital fluorescence microscopy. Aging in rats was associated with significant arteriovenous shunting in the cerebral(More)
The role of neural elements in regulating blood flow through the hepatic sinusoids, solute exchange, and parenchymal function is incompletely understood. This is due in part to limited investigation in only a few species whose hepatic innervation may differ significantly from humans. For example, most experimental studies have used rats and mice having(More)
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a common and devastating gastrointestinal disease of premature infants. Along with pathological effects in the ileum, severe NEC is often accompanied by multisystem organ failure, including liver failure. The aim of this study was to determine the changes in hepatic cytokines and inflammatory mediators in experimental NEC.(More)
The acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatic centrilobular necrosis is preceded by hepatic microcirculatory dysfunction including the infiltration of erythrocytes into the space of Disse. The purpose of this study was to examine the involvement of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in the hepatic microvascular injury elicied by APAP. Male C57Bl/6 mice were(More)
Consideration of newer more quantitative morphologic approaches to the study of aquatic pollutants can provide opportunity for collaborative/integrated studies with other subdisciplines in toxicology. Current commonly employed morphologic approaches result largely in subjective findings difficult to analyze statistically and often are directed at levels of(More)