Robert S. Knox

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Measurements of dipole strengths of chlorophylls in solution are reviewed and correlated. The refractive index dependence is found to be expressible in a simple empirical fashion that does not rely on the concept of vacuum dipole strength. The index dependence in some respects contradicts the dependence expected on the basis of effective field theories.
Effects of oxygen consumption in photodynamic therapy (PDT) are considered theoretically and experimentally. A mathematical model of the Type II mechanism of photooxidation is used to compute estimates of the rate of therapy-dependent in vivo oxygen depletion resulting from reactions of singlet oxygen (1O2) with intracellular substrate. Calculations(More)
An assertion that the primary photochemistry of photosynthesis can violate the Second Law of thermodynamics in certain efficient systems has been put forward by Jennings et al., who maintain their position strongly despite an argument to the contrary by Lavergne. We identify a specific omission in the calculation of Jennings et al. and show that no(More)
The 77 K picosecond fluorescence of intact Chlamydomonas reinhardtii exhibits a 680-nm band (F680) that can be identified with light-harvesting chlorophyll. Analysis of the time and spectral dependence of F680 reveal a forward transfer rate of 1/(15 ps) from this 680-nm species to photosystem II. The possibility of transfer through LHC I, the(More)
Excitation energy distribution in Porphyridium cruentum in state 1 and state 2 was investigated by time resolved 77 K fluorescence emission spectroscopy. The fluorescence rise times of phycoerythrin, phycocyanin and allophycocyanin (in cells in state 1 and state 2) were very similar in contrast to the emission from chlorophyll a (Chl a) associated with the(More)
Among his many contributions to photosynthesis, William Arnold made critical suggestions about the mechanism of the initial stages of excitation energy transfer and its measurement. Thus he helped found not only the general concept of the photosynthetic unit but also the key idea behind the detailed functional aspects of its ‘chlorophyll antenna’. We review(More)
The light-harvesting complex (LHC) of higher plants isolated using Triton X-100 has been studied during its transformation into a monomeric form known as CPII. The change was accomplished by gradually increasing the concentration of the detergent, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). Changes in the red spectral region of the absorption, circular dichroism (CD),(More)
A fluence-dependent fluorescence technique was used to observe reverse intersystem crossing from a certain higher-lying triplet state of rose bengal populated by a single pulse of 532 nm light. The quantum yield of reverse intersystem crossing from this state was determined to be 0.12+/-0.02 for rose bengal in phosphate-buffered saline. The importance of(More)