Robert S. Jacobs

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The global marine pharmaceutical pipeline consists of three Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved drugs, one EU registered drug, 13 natural products (or derivatives thereof) in different phases of the clinical pipeline and a large number of marine chemicals in the preclinical pipeline. In the United States there are three FDA approved marine-derived(More)
The Caribbean sea whip Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae (Octocorallia, Cnidaria) has been found to contain the pseudopterosins, a newly described class of natural products, which have been characterized as diterpene-pentoseglycosides. The pseudopterosins possess anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties that exceed, in our assays, the potencies of existing(More)
Investigations are reported that identify the biosynthetic source and origins of the pseudopterosins, pharmacologically important diterpene glycosides, in the gorgonian coral Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae. We report here the isolation of physiologically significant levels of endogenous pseudopterosins A, B, C, and D from purified symbionts identified as the(More)
An oxidative burst in free-living and symbiotic dinoflagellates induced by physical stress is defined and characterized. The oxidative burst occurred within 1 min of physical injury caused by short pulses of low frequency sonic sound (20 kHz, 10 s pulses). The quantities of reactive oxygen species were measured using a spectrofluorometric assay and(More)
A new neuromuscular toxin, lophotoxin, has been isolated from several pacific gorgonians of the genus Lophogorgia. The structure of lophotoxin was deduced by combined spectrochemical methods, and belongs to the well-known cembrene class of diterpenoid molecules. Lophotoxin contains furanoaldehyde and alpha, beta-epoxy-gamma-lactone functional groups, in(More)
Luffolide (4) is a minor metabolite of the spongeLuffariella sp. from Palau. The structure of luffolide was determined by single crystal X-ray analysis. Luffolide is relatively unstable and undergoes a complex cyclization reaction to give the hexacyclic products5 and6. Luffolide (4) has some of the anti-inflammatory properties of manoalide (1): this may(More)
This review of phospholipase A2 (PLA2) inhibitors from marine organisms presents a compilation of research in this field over the past decade. As an introduction to the research on marine natural products, there is an overview of the role of PLA2 in inflammation that provides a rationale for seeking inhibitors of PLA2 as anti-inflammatory agents. A(More)
Manoalide is a potent antiinflammatory marine natural product and a direct inactivator of venom phospholipase A2 (PLA2; EC Manoalide has been shown to irreversibly inhibit PLA2, with the corresponding modification of a selective number of lysine residues. The mechanism of inactivation has not yet been elucidated and structure-activity relationship(More)
Chemical investigation of the marine red alga (Rhodophyta) Ceratodictyon spongiosum containing the symbiotic sponge Sigmadocia symbiotica collected from Biaro Island, Indonesia, yielded two isomers of a new and bioactive thiazole-containing cyclic heptapeptide, cis,cis-ceratospongamide (1) and trans, trans-ceratospongamide (2). Isolation of these peptides(More)
We investigated the signaling events involved in the wound response of the marine macroalga Dasycladus vermicularis, finding nitric oxide (NO) production in relation to injury. The addition of exogenous H2O2 to aliquots of injured algae accelerated the kinetics of NO production in the wounded region. Similarly, the addition of an NO donor caused an increase(More)